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Wednesday, December 9th, 2020
Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal However, it is quite common in all co… laws, whereby state government provides financial aid to victims of certain crimes. The first, which includes liberal or conservative theories, treats capitalism as a given, and concentrates on the function of states in a capitalist society. 1. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. The capacity of the state to control the armed forces and police (repressive state apparatus) as well as the major means of communication, notably the media (the ideological state apparatus) is crucial to its power. - Powers, Responsibilities & Challenges, State as a Concept: Definition, Development, & Size, What is Central Government? 2. Protect the Natural Rights. - Definition, Role & Functions, Political Party: Definition, Function, Organization & Mobilization, Civic Values: Definition, Importance & Examples, What is a Federal Government? Become a Study.com member to unlock this Public administration is a vehicle for expressing the values and preferences of citizens, communities and society as a whole. Each state of the country is governed by the state government. It is here useful to bear in mind Althusser’s concept of state apparatuses. If the function of government is to protect the liberty of the citizen, and if the aim of education is to prepare the individual for the rational use of his liberty, the State cannot rightfully or consistently make education a pretext for interfering with rights and liberties which the Creator, not the State, has conferred. TOS 7. State power lies in these institutions. Most political theories of the state can roughly be classified into two categories. The government of a state owe allegiance to the state itself and its citizens as well. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. above. Government must be effective; it must possess the capacity to maintain order and enforce obedience. The important functions are: (i) Allocation function (ii) Distribution function It should provide for military defense of the nation. Each community acquires a distinctive character through its association with nationalism. The main functions are maintaining law, order and stability, resolving various kinds of disputes through the legal system, providing common defence, and looking out for the welfare of the population in ways that are beyond the means of the individual, such as implementing public health measures, providing mass education and underwriting expensive medical research. Some functions of the state most important in society are to provide defense and security to citizens, protect and guarantee universal rights, maintain order and peace, administer justice and conduct relations with other states.. Though other agencies can perform these tasks but none so efficiently and on so great a scale and with such authority as can the state. Ensuring public order, security, rights and freedoms of citizens, including the fight against crime, population registration, prevention of various disasters, measures for relieving the consequences of accidents; 2. States collect insurance trust revenue from administering retirement, unemployment compensation, and other benefit programs. Create your account. Nation-states have come into existence generally after 19th century. Additionally, federal law and government applies to all citizens within a country, whereas, state laws only apply to individuals residing within that state. … Governments tax wealthier citizens and transfer income and services to certain categories of individuals who are thought to need them. A nation-state is a nation governed by a state whose authority coincides with the boundaries of the nation. States are allowed to create and enforce laws within their borders. Meaning: According to the Oxford Dictionary of Sociology (1994), âThe state is a distinct set of institutions that has the authority to make rules which govern society.â These institutions, according to Miliband (1969), are the government, the administration (the civil service), the judiciary and parliamentary assemblies. 2. State power lies in these institutions. A state is an organized political community acting under a government. - Definition, Powers & Benefits, Deccan Plateau Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, Political Science 103: Comparative Politics, Psychology, Sociology & Anthropology Study Guide, Political Science 101: Intro to Political Science, Foundations of Education: Help and Review, Introduction to Human Geography: Help and Review, UExcel Introduction to Sociology: Study Guide & Test Prep, MTTC Early Childhood Education (106): Practice & Study Guide, OGET Oklahoma General Education Test (CEOE) (174): Practice & Study Guide, GACE Political Science (532): Practice & Study Guide, Library Science 101: Information Literacy, GACE School Counseling (603): Practice & Study Guide, Biological and Biomedical Selecting public school textbooks. The other function is to protect the nation against the foreign aggression. Services, What is a State Government? This function of the legislature is to supervise and check the activities of the executive arm of government so as to avoid dictatorship in government. This system helps to make sure that no one person or institution There are 29 state governments in our country, each of which is headed by the … All modem societies are nation-states, usually having some form of congressional or parliamentary system. … The first, which includes liberal or conservative theories, treats capitalism as a given, and concentrates on the function of states in a capitalist society. Thus all modern governments can be characterized as welfare states. State functions through the executive, the namely the government. (1) Functions peculiar to the state â Although there is a general difference of opinion as to this kind of function it must be admitted that state alone can perform these functions. When government-- in pursuit of good intentions tries to rearrange the economy, legislate morality, or help special interests, the cost come in inefficiency, lack of motivation, and loss of … is a legal procedure through which a person accused of a crime who has fled to another state is, on demand, returned to the state where the crime took place. Most governments around the â¦ A common simplified definition of a republic is a government where the head of state is not a monarch . Copyright 10. Report a Violation, Analysis of State: Different Points of View. The only real necessity the Federal Government is supposed to do is protect citizens from all enemies, foreign and domestic that would try to deprive you of your Life, Liberty and Happiness. - Definition & Overview, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. 4. It is very difficult to identify them clearly, since different parts of the state apparatus can have different interests and conflicting preferences. Which powers is granted to the federal government, but not to state governments? 2. It has a ‘monopoly’ of legitimate violence ‘within a specific territory”. Functions of State and Government. The state is the political organization of a community acting under the administration of a single system of government. The modern state’s personnel are mostly recruited and trained for management in a bureaucratic manner. I hope I have answered your question, Mr. Samuel Obinna. The State is sovereign, or the supreme power, within its territory, and by definition the ultimate authority for all law. State [â¦] Social and physical functions. What are the three functions a state government can assume? Foreign Relations - Diplomacy and Defense 2. Moreover, its boundaries have not been clearly defined and are constantly changing. The world today is largely organized into nation-states. The three organs of government are the legislative, executive, and judicial. It is an important agency of social control which performs this function through laws. Recognizing and implementing the interests and demands of various groups. The education Y health It is one of these cases. Discuss what organizational form (e.g., private... What limits does the U.S. Constitution place on... Why is each state considered a bureaucracy? Because of this difficulty, there are frequently conflicts between elected politicians and non-elected civil servants or the judiciary over policy and resources. If you need more explanation on this function, i enjoin you to read Sections 82-89 and 120-128 of the 1999 constitution of Nigeria. As with all social institutions, the state is organized around a set of social functions. How do state constitutions control the economy? 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