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Wednesday, December 9th, 2020
The latter two had their machines rearranged, and new 5-in/38 in the brand new twin turret instead of the previous single unprotected mounts, while their superstructures were revised behind the aft funnel. The Des Moines had 24 × 3 inch/50 caliber guns in 12 twin mounts, and the Worcester experimented in a big way: There were five dual 3-in/50 Mk33 port, including 3-in/50s installed in early 1949, five dual 3-in/50 Mk33 starboard, and one dual 3-in/50 Mk33 on the bow plus two single 3-in/50 Mk34 on blisters fantail. A nice concise book if you are looking for details on US WWII Heavy Cruisers. This ubiquitous secondary, dual purpose artillery was a wartime creation in its dual turret form. Like all naval powers, USN cruiser design was framed by the successive treaties, starting with Washington in 1922, which fixed a standard for heavy cruisers, London I (1930) and London II (1935) which redefined the notion of cruiser and pushed for a new generation armed with 6-in guns with an heavy cruiser tonnage. Protection was to ensure immunity against the 6in 105lb shell between 9300 and 28,000yds (90° target angle); against 1000lb SAP bombs dropped from any altitude; and against 12in 1000lb AP bombs dropped from below 7500ft. Starting off our list is the cruiser Wichita of the United States Navy. Such weapons would overcome the great defect of existing 8in guns – excessively slow fire – so slow that it was almost impossible to hit fast Japanese ships in night actions; at the same time they would greatly out-ranged the existing fast-firing 6in weapons. Each time these manoeuvers needed to be made a a lower speed than the operation required. Why this ship is the best: The Zao is a very well rounded cruiser with honestly no real weakness. Specifications Displacement: 14,700 long-tons, 17,997 long-tons FL Dimensions: 207 x 21.3 x 7.6m (680 x 70 x 25 ft) Armament: 4 shaft Westinghouse, geared steam turbines 125,000 Horsepower Performances: 33 knots Armament: 6×2 6-in/47 Mk16 DP, 11×2 3-in/50 Mk33, 2 single 3-in/50 Mk34 Armour: belt: 3–5 in, deck: 3.5 in, turrets 2–6.5 in, barbettes: 5 in, CT 4.5 in, Conway’s all the world’s fighting ship 1906-21, 1922-47 and 1947-95 fr.naval-encyclopedia.com/2e-guerre-mondiale/us-navy-2egm.php#crois //www.navsource.org/archives/04idx.htm //www.navy.mil/navydata/nav_legacy.asp?id=136 //www.navy.mil/navydata/nav_legacy.asp?id=137 //www.wearethemighty.com/world-war-ii-cruisers //www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/cl-144.htm //www.microworks.net/pacific/ships/cruisers/baltimore.htm //www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/ca-68.htm //ca-69boston.org/ //www.militaryfactory.com/ships/detail.asp?ship_id=uss-chicago-ca29-cruiser-warship-united-states //www.nationalgeographic.com/news/2017/08/uss-indianapolis-wreckage-found/ //usnhistory.navylive.dodlive.mil/2016/01/12/a-look-at-the-evolution-of-the-u-s-navy-cruiser/ //www.sandiegouniontribune.com/sdut-cruiser-san-diego-the-unbeatable-ship-of-wwii-2010mar18-story.html //www.mathscinotes.com/2018/12/us-cruiser-production-during-ww2/ //uboat.net/allies/warships/types.html?type=Heavy+cruiser //www.warhistoryonline.com/guest-bloggers/the-des-moines-class-cruiser-the-greatest-heavy-cruiser.html Books: US Heavy Cruisers in the World War II part 2: Technology and weapons of world wars – Michael T. Benson //www.nationalww2museum.org/war/articles/second-naval-battle-guadalcanal. The industrial steamroller so feared by admiral Yamamoto was unleashed in 1942. 135 posts Learn how your comment data is processed. A Baltimore class cruiser was 673′ in length with a 70′ beam. Cruising range, power plant, protection, secondary battery, AA battery were all second to none. Post-war testing done by the US Navy showed that a single 3″/50 was as effective as eight 40mm Bofors guns. Reviewed in the United States on July 31, 2006 ... United States. Characteristics (in 1941) Displacement: 9,006 t, 11,420 T FL Dimensions: 182.96 x 20.14 x 5.9 m Propulsion: 2 shafts, 4 Parsons turbines, 4 WT boilers, 107,000 hp. The latter were of a new standard which lasted for ten more years until 1947, through the Cleveland and sub-classes Fargo and later the revolutionary Worcester. shell or a 260 pounds (118 kg) H.E. 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