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causes of destruction of coral reefs in the philippines

Wednesday, December 9th, 2020

Hope for Destroyed Coral Reefs of the Philippines By Name BIOL 181 A541 Life in the Best Scuba Diving Spots In The Philippines With Beautiful Coral Reefs #1. This biodiversity makes them a high priority for conservation.The brilliant corals of Sogod Bay, above, live in one of more than 400 marine protected areas (MPAs) in the Philippines.MPAs help to conserve biodiversity by preventing practices like coral … 0 0. I am currently writing a research paper on the causes and effects of coral reef destruction. State of the Coral Triangle: Philippines Located at the apex of the Coral Triangle, the Philippines is an integral part of this global center of marine biodiversity. The future of the reefs is critical for fish stocks. These coral reefs are susceptible to severe damage by environmental impacts and mankind. (Encarta) However, nearly 60% of coral reefs are in serious danger due to both natural and man-made causes. Coral reefs, the “rainforests of the sea,” are some of the most biodiverse and productive ecosystems on earth. As in the nurseries, bleaching of transplants showed species‐specific patterns (cf. Coral reefs are the tropical forests of the ocean, providing habitat and breeding grounds for a wide variety of marine life. Coral reefs are the coastal ecosystem that provides the most substantial and sustainable source of sustenance to people in the Philippines White, 1987, Alcala, 1988, McAllister, 1988, Gomez et al., 1994, White and Cruz-Trinidad, 1998.The 18 000 km of coastline in the country is estimated to have about 27 000 km 2 of fringing reefs or submerged offshore reefs or coral … They are secreted from corals and their structure is made out of calcium carbonate. While only ten percent of the world’s overall coral reef population has been completely destroyed, in hard-hit places like the Philippines over 70 percent of coral reefs have been lost, while just a measly 5 percent can be said to be in truly good condition. The Inventory of the Coral Resources of the Philippines (ICRP) found only about 5 percent of reefs to be in excellent condition, with over 75 percent coral cover (both hard and soft). Water covers 70% of the earth’s surface and less than 1% of that is coral reefs. Marshal & Baird 2000 ; Hughes et al. The most important causes for coral reef degradation are coastal development and excessive exploitation of its resources. Destruction of Coral Reefs in the Philippines. Only 5 percent of reefs retain over 75 percent live coral cover. This can come in the form of over-fishing, destructive fishing practices, collecting tropical fish for aquariums or collecting fish to be used as a … The Persuasive Essay : The Destruction Of Coral Reefs 811 Words | 4 Pages. Illegal collection and exportation of corals and live reef fish has resulted in significant detrimental effects on biodiversity, coral reef condition, sea grass cover and fish numbers. Because of it, a great amount of the reef was destroyed. Ten percent of the world's reefs have been completely destroyed. CAUSES OF DESTRUCTION IN THE CARIBBEAN CORAL REEFS CRYSTAL MAVRIKAS Located in the saltwater marine biome Located in the Caribbean • Covers 5 years ago. Coral reefs protect coastlines and populated areas from strong currents and waves, floods, storms as well as tidal waves and tsunamis. Coral reefs provide proper habitat, nutrient, and protection for the many marine species. McAllister (1988) has estimated that damage to reefs in Philippines has led to the loss of at least 100,000 fishermen’s jobs. Both were highest in the fully-formed reefs of the Sulu Sea biogeographic region and lowest in the eastern Philippines. What has happened to destroy so many reefs? Furthermore anthropogenic impacts on coral reefs can have far extended consequences on adjacent ecosystems such as mangroves, sea-grass beds and the open ocean (Moberg & Folke 1999). The Philippines is a global center for marine shoreline biodiversity. To make up for our destruction of the coral reefs, a plastic “reef“ has been created in Greece as a result of plastic waste dumped into oceans. For example, in 2011, Cyclone Yasi hit the Great Barrier Reef (Cyclone Yasi, n. d.). Migration towards coasts led to strong development on land, which often lead to destruction of important coastal ecosystems like mangroves and sea grass beds. Coral reefs throughout the world are experiencing various levels of decay. The lack of trees creates a lot of sediment that is runoff into the ocean and flows on top of the coral reefs, blocking the sunlight and killing them off. Introduction. One of the major causes of CR destruction is presented by climate change. The oceans absorb one third of the carbon dioxide put into the atmosphere. Unfortunately, climate change and human activities have taken a heavy toll on the country’s coral reefs, mangrove forests, and endangered species, threatening Source(s): save destruction coral reefs: https://shortly.im/whth3. Mystic traditions and rituals can be seen in this island. Besides clams, other species of fish have a symbiotic relationship with coral reefs, most notably in how reefs house fish larvae before they mature and wash out closer to the coasts of the Philippines, Vietnam, and parts of Malaysia. One of the main threats facing the coral reefs comes through over-exploitation of reefs. In the late 1970s, the most extensive survey of coral reefs conducted in the Philippines showed widespread human impact on the reefs. Siquijor. Coral reefs, the most bio-diverse and productive ecosystems on the planet, are one of the most sensitive indicators of the ocean’s health.Even though they occupy only 0.1% of the ocean, they are home to a quarter of marine species. Coral reefs just off the coasts of Indonesia and the Philippines possess the world's most diverse coral species and organisms. We are making it happen. Many threats to coral reefs are caused by humans. Coral reefs are home to more species than any other marine ecosystem. The destruction of coral reefs caught his attention because Mindanao lies near the center of the “Coral Triangle” Region, which has the highest marine biodiversity on earth. My top three causes are climate change/ocean acidification, destructive fishing practices, and pollution. “Mindanao still has many reef areas that have never been dived on, much less systematically surveyed for species diversity,” Dr. Goreau said. Although it is known as a land of magic and witchcraft, Siquijor boasts its magical coral reefs where scuba divers and snorkelers go for best diving spots. A coral reef is an underwater ecosystem characterized by reef-building corals.Reefs are formed of colonies of coral polyps held together by calcium carbonate.Most coral reefs are built from stony corals, whose polyps cluster in groups.. Coral belongs to the class Anthozoa in the animal phylum Cnidaria, which includes sea … Acidification A major problem in the destruction of coral reefs in the Philippines is the acidity of the oceans. This is mostly due to the increasing anthropogenic threats to coral reefs. Coral reefs provide valuable goods and services to support local and national economies, and degradation of coral reefs can lead to significant economic losses, particularly in the coastal areas of developing countries, through loss of fishing livelihoods, malnutrition due to lack of protein, loss of tourism revenues, and … They have a global economic value of 30 billion USD and provide goods and services (fisheries, … So far more than 10% of the worlds Reefs have been destroyed, based on factors such as the earths fast growing population and global warming. They also regulate carbon dioxide levels in the ocean, a key to the survival of many species of marine life. Anonymous. They are thus host to some of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet. This includes over 1500 types of fish and 500 different types of algae. Without coral reefs the occurrence of these events will become much more common, making the earth a much more hostile place to live in. Coral reefs are the most diverse structures found in the marine water. Healthy coral reefs mean healthy oceans, and healthy oceans mean a healthier earth. Nice! It's going to be hard because there are a lot of factories in the Philippines that work for the united states and … Philippines, which consist … International judges today condemned China's great 'water grab' of the South China Sea - not least for its destruction of over 100 sq.km of pristine coral reefs, dredged and ground up to build artificial islands, and the ransacking of their wildlife, from endangered sea turtles to giant clams. - Coral Reefs, 2016) It is estimated that almost 20% of the global coral reefs show severe levels of degradation and a further 15% are thought to be at risk of imminent degradation (Edwards, 2010). The World Atlas of Coral Reefs, compiled by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), reported that 97 percent of reefs in the Philippines are under threat from destructive fishing techniques, including cyanide poisoning, over-fishing, or from deforestation and urbanization that result in harmful sediment spilling into … extinct by the year 2050. Without coral reefs, water is dirtier and wildlife is less abundant. The weighted average hard coral cover (HCC) was 22.8% (±1.2 SE) and coral generic diversity averaged 14.5 (±0.5 SE). During this massive event, Bolinao reefs showed the greatest decrease in live coral cover and were exposed to elevated sea temperature longer than other areas in the Philippines. the destruction of coral reefs is an issue that affects the planet in more ways than most people know. The majority of the destruction of coral reefs in Southeast Asia is due to illegal fishing practices and … They occupy less than one percent of the ocean floor, yet are home to more than a quarter of all marine species: crustaceans, reptiles, seaweeds, bacteria, fungi, and over 4000 species of fish make their home in coral reefs. In general, nearly one-third of the entire coral destruction is caused by storms and other natural disasters. 2003 ; … 1.Give 5 Causes of destruction of the coral reefs. View Coral Reef.pptx from NAS 107 at Flagler College. 2.Give 5 ways on how to save the coral reefs. Coral reefs are among the most diverse ecosystems in the world. The leading natural cause of destruction among the coral reefs is global … In the Philippines, where coral reef destruction is the worst, over 70% have been destroyed and only 5% can be said to be in good condition. View Lab Report - Coral Reef Destruction.docx from BIO 181 at University of the Philippines Diliman. The causes of coral reefs destruction are the Destructive fishing,Poison fishing and Explosive fishing These threats include overfishing and destructive fishing practices such as the use of explosives and … Reef degradation can be divided into local and global causes… Human population has become very large, and earth is …

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