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Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington were advocates of the federal system. The state government has the mandate of conducting elections, establishing local government and rectifying and amending constitution. It envisioned federalism as a prominent feature for a new Nepal.. Many segregationists have argued statesâ rights for the avoidance of federal laws that was designed to guarantee equality among citizen and prevent discrimination. 5. What’s your deadline? There is no doubt that poor economic conditions are one of the major causes of political unrest, upheavals, and revolt in Nepal. Federalism is allocation or division of power between the state and the nation. States shall make agreement on how to deal with common problems that they face. Although initially federalism was envisioned as a weak Center, and more power was vested among the states, it is not presently happening. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. 15 Advantages and Disadvantages of Federalism. Both nations are becoming the global hubs of science and Information technology. November 23, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/federalism-2/. The Maoist party was the catalyst for bringing â¦ We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. It is important to understand the ethnic and linguistic composition of Yugoslavia prior to its disintegration. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. Tharus represents 7 % of Nepalâs population and are the fourth largest ethnic groups. The amendment was the first document to mention Nepal officially as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Ending essay examples development on in nepal federalism Essay and essay on importance of not wasting food. Threat of separation from the nation is major disadavantage of federalism in Nepal.Frankly,the prevalling activation of anti national powers specially in province no 2 lead by ck raut proves this.Also,The clash between federal government and province government during implementation of police act also justifies it.There is always the risk of antiânations waiting for favourable country to dissociate the â¦ Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. 800 Arab for the development of basic infrastructure to start federalism in Nepal, while World Bank estimates 3-4% of Nepal’s GDP per year, which comes to be another Rs. Ethnic federalism is a federal system of national government in which the federated units are defined and segregated by ethnicity, in certain cases multi-ethnic regions would have to be partitioned causing internal displacement of people due to large internal population transfers.Related terms are multi-ethnic federalism and ethnofederalism. If the policy proves to be beneficial, then it can be expanded to be used nationwide. Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and George Washington were advocates of the federal system. You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. Obviously, the ultimate goal of any administrative and political structure of a nation revolves around strengthening national integrity, enhancing prosperity, empowering people, protecting society, and promoting culture and tradition. The decision to implement the federal â¦ In this context, there are many questions in relation to federalism that Nepalese society is seeking urgent answers. Federalism brings in different states, different states means separation. The Disadvantages of Federalism. Each entity is given the power to share control over the same geographic region as another entity. November 23, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/federalism-2/. professional specifically for you? The author feels that it may never happen. I believe even if the interim constitution declares Nepal as a Federalist nation, it is still worthwhile and not too late to debate the pros and cons of federalism and take the right course of political action that ensures national integrity, empowers the people, protects our societies, enhances prosperity, and promotes our culture and traditions. How would you ensure fast-paced economic development, good governance, social justice, and socio-economic transformation of Nepalese society? Federalism, as a form of state organization in the modern world, appears in a whole range of different varieties. Nepal adopted the federal system after the constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly (CA) in 2015. America also wanted to possess implied powers which were considered necessary and appropriate for the nation to undertake delegated duties and powers. Disadvantages Of Federalism 725 Words | 3 Pages. Despite being under these two contrasting diverse governing systems, both nations have realized amazing economic growth in recent years and are emerging as major economic powers in the world. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. Need to regulate interstate commerce power. 1. The national government is also entitled to forming treaties and conducting foreign policies. Federalism, mode of political organization that unites separate states or other polities within an overarching political system in a way that allows each to maintain its own integrity. The series of conflicts and the political upheavals resulted in the dissolution of Yugoslavia that had a similar population size as Nepal. The two levels always have final authority and self governance in specific areas. But after facing the challenges of the federal system in Nepal, We will get benefits of the federal system in Nepal. This chapter also outlines the debates within the Global regents thematic essay belief systems of federalism nepal Essay in. Will the state be more powerful than the center (Layer Cake) or the center will be equally powerful (Marble Cake)? "Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages." It was divided into a numerous principalities and kingdoms for a long time. Few points that will point out its importance are mentioned below. Prof. Durga D. Poudel, USA: On August 2, 2009, I published an article entitled âFederalism in Nepal: Issues and Concernsâ in one of the online portals in Nepal, stressing a need for a thorough discussion on advantages and disadvantages of federalism before adopting it in the country. This assessment on Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages was written and submitted by your fellow student. Disadvantages of mobile phones essay in english, la sã©paration des pouvoirs au maroc dissertation. Decentralization is extremely important for the success of a unitary system. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/federalism-2/. On the other hand, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, one of the nations with ethnic-federalism, is seriously struggling for economic growth. This system is in practice in India, the USA, Canada, Belgium, Spain, Australia, Ethiopia, South Africa, etc. Feb 14, 2019 Feb 14, 2019 by Editor in Chief. Federal System of government, I think, is actually not suitable for a small country like Nepal but as for now let us assume that it is important. Â Prof. Durga D. Poudel, USA:Â On August 2, 2009, I published an article entitled âFederalism in Nepal: Issues and Concernsâ in one of the online portals in Nepal, stressing a need for a thorough discussion on advantages and disadvantages of federalism before adopting it in the country. Federalism is a system of government where power is divided between several different entities. the importance of establishing a collective and inclusive Nepali identity. History: Federalism has evolved over the course of American history. It also offers opportunity to test the courage of selected leaders and to prove whether they are responsible. My family essay quora intro words for essays, essay format guidelines, sample personal reflective essay importance on federalism nepal of in Essay, essay on favourite family member, ib tok essay guidelines nature and nurture debate essay write an essay advantages and disadvantages of using the internet. Politics in America, eighth edition/alternate edition. May 2016; DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1841.8807. This issue of national significance, unitary vs. federal, is critical for Nepalâs prosperity, pride, and national integrity. Federalism no doubt has many positives vis-a-vis communism or imperialism but still, some political scientists often raise questions about its advantages. The federal government in America has special authority to control interstate businesses and trade with the foreign countries. It means dividing a nation up into various zones. This normally causes disintegration and internal conflicts among different states (Dye, 114). There are some states which pursue policies which frustrate national policy because they cause them to sacrifice some of their interests to local interests such as segregation. Allocation of available natural resources: There is no doubt that Nepalâs economic transformation relies on the sustainable utilization and the development of agricultural and natural resource base. Certainly, it is not federalism or political structure. There are those who purchase goods in neighbouring state to escape sales tax in a particular state. The poorer states will remain poor since there is no reason for the national government to substantially divert revenues generated from prosperous states. Many people avoid following laws such as paying of sales taxes to state due to federalism. NeAt present about 28 countries of the world is having the federal system. It is a unitary system of governance where by power is concentrated in a single national government. Essay the time machine steps in analysis an essay essay topics for ielts academic 2020, essay on india in german language. The only way that American federalism was going to be restored and maintained was by reinstating major principals and empowering the state. Not all the federal states will emerge as equally prosperous. Hence, national government still has to continue its heavy involvement of infrastructural, industrial, educational, and socio-economic development of the nation. Built from the knowledge and experience of those who provide patient care on a daily basis, it allows nurses to multitask like never before and spend more time at the bedside actually taking care of the patient! 400 Arab, for next four years for transitioning into federalism. Essay about federalism in nepal Created by nurses for nurses, the MultiNix is a 15-in-1 utility tool for frontline healthcare. IvyPanda. The government demands to have war powers were created by tragedies of modern wars. Limitations of the study Need a custom Assessment sample written from scratch by IvyPanda. Conflict of Authority Sharing of power between the center and the states includes both advantages and disadvantages â¦ Learn more about the history and characteristics of federalism in this article. They will then have special authority to control interstate businesses and trade with the foreign countries. IvyPanda. Major factors responsible for failing federalism in Nepal include excessively high cost of governance, lack of capacity-building, massive corruption, implementation failure of developmental projects, lack of coordination of governmental activities, federalism-imposed tax burden on public, and, more importantly, implementation of federalism without thorough discussion about its relevancy in Nepal. Possessing a lot of power will enable them have the authority to raise navy and armies that could control tragedies from happening by protecting the nation. Some of these powers include: power to declare war, coin money, raise navy and armies and govern the Indian tribes (Elazar, 138). It is difficult to enforce law on criminals because of federalism. The federal system of government is where a country is divided up into several different regions, each of which is able to govern itself, to some extent. He has not evaluated the advantages and disadvantages of federal system in Nepal from different perspectives. 3. Prof. Durga D. Poudel, USA: On August 2, 2009, I published an article entitled âFederalism in Nepal: Issues and Concernsâ in one of the online portals in Nepal, stressing a need for a thorough discussion on advantages and disadvantages of federalism before adopting it in the country. 23 November. Challenges and Prospects of Federalism in Nepal Purna Man Shakya Associate Professor, Faculty of Law (TU) Background Nepal is a small state tucked between India and China. The desire to have war powers was also one of the reasons why national government power was increased since 1788. The writer has purposed ethnic based 11 federal states in Nepal based on ethnicity showing his concept of federalism stood up from the âTamra Patraâ agreement between King P.N. Thus, there exists a twin problem of finding large amount of funds to meet the expenses of federalism and meanwhile developing efficiency that is necessary for productive spending of the money. Federalized administrative structure also requires high level of capacity-building at the local, provincial, and national level for coordinated planning and development, policy decision-making; project formulation, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation; and for overall development of the nation. Federalism promotes efficiency of government: distribution of power between the state and nation provides division of work and specialization of functions. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. âThe historic Jana-Aandolan II culminated into the declaration of the republic in Nepal on May 28, 2008, after the constituent assembly polls. Thus, federalism does not necessarily ensure economic growth and prosperity, nor is it necessary to have federalism for a nationâs development. See: List of 7 States in Nepal. What is the common underlying factor between the two nations that has caused both to successfully achieve magnificent economic growth? It is difficult to enforce law on criminals because of federalism. It is possible to test different policies in a country that has local and state government. This is because most people after they have committed a crime in a particular state, they escape and move to other states. Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages, “Anti-Anti Migration” a Article by Marcelo M. Suárez-Orozco and Carola Suárez-Orozco, Methods of Dealing with Problems of Federalism, National and State Powers in American Federalism, Reasons for increase in the Powers of the Nation since 1788, The ‘Peopling’ Process of Australia since 1788 with Influence of Racism, Federal versus State Regulation of Insurance Industry in United States. While this type of practice has its upsides, it has downsides as well as alternatives. Possessing taxation power under the 16. The drawbacks of federalism include: Federalism gives the freedom for special interests to protect their privileges. This will certainly propel the equity issues among the federal states. Supporters of federalism state that this form of government can be viewed as the most suitable form to address the interests and needs of diverse groups of people. IvyPanda. Federalism is an expensive system and can be unsuitable for small countries. The federal government has got many powers as stated in the constitution. Since there is an overlap of boundaries within the national and state governments, it had become tricky to â¦ Consequences of Federalism â¢ Legal â¢ Different laws on many things â¢ Political, states have different electoral laws, different candidate selection processes, punch cards, touch screen, parties are state based â¢ Economic , complex tax system â¢ Regionalism, distinct cultures-can block federal â¦ Essay about advantages and disadvantages of watching tv nepal essay Federalism in short: writing a essay outline. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Last but not the least, Nepal Finance Ministry had estimated an initial cost of Rs. Thus, the once kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-41) has now turned into seven different nations (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Serbia, Slovenia, and Kosovo). Online shopping essay in punjabi language Essay on advantages of winter season. The benefits of federalism are that it can encourage political participation, give states an incentive to engage in policy innovation, and accommodate diverse viewpoints across the country. Looking at the views presented in Constituent Assembly and vision for the new constitution, it is not difficult to assess that there is a national need for an in-depth analysis, discussion, debate, and conclusion with respect to federalism in Nepal. Each state shall give full credit and be faithful to judicial proceedings, public records and public actions of all other states. The national government also possess concurrent powers which enable them to exercises along with the state government. Yugoslavia can be cited as an example for disintegration due to ethnic federalism. Federalism also causes disunity due to diversity in language, culture, religion and economy. Some of the issues and concerns regarding federalism in Nepal are as follows: The issue of national disintegration is perhaps the most important and frightening one. Without any doubt, we are passing through a critical phase in the political history of Nepal. Stateâs laws guarantee the application of the best strategies to meet the needs of citizens, e.g. Summarizing and responding essay explain the overall tone of the essay essay nepal in Federalism short, define tone of an essay. Supporters of federalism state that this form of government can be viewed as the most suitable form to address the interests and needs of diverse groups of people. It is our obligation to think deeply, understand correctly, analyze the situation objectively, and take the appropriate future course of actions aptly keeping in mind the national integrity, the society, our norms and values, as well as our culture and traditions. This means that the citizens always have political responsibility to both governments who also secure their rights in the country. Different states also have different laws making it hard to enforce law on visitors who had moved in the state. Prosperous states still need federal funding for their further development. A disadvantage of federalism is the lack of accountability. 2. Government expenditures for the purchase of 1,600 vehicles, salaries and allowances for elected officials under federal system, and expenses on office buildings and spaces specially provincial and local governments include just some of the expanded governmental expenses due to federalism in the country. It is their embracement of globalization, development of private sector for economic growth, generation of employment, political stability, peace and security, and governmental commitment. Essay on dussehra in hindi for class 6th. History: Federalism has evolved over the course of American history. Essay on disadvantages of social media for students. Article 159(1) of the Tnterim constitusion declares that Nepal is a federal Democratic Repulic state. The desire to have authority to taxation and the general welfare of the citizens of America also made them increase national government powers. How would you control corruption, which is already so rampant and massive in every sector of the society including political, governance, judiciary, security, and private sector, by expanding administrative structure further to provincial and local levels under federalism? In the aftermath of the 2007 People's Revolt II, the 240 years of monarchy was abolished in the 5th amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063. 560 of CA members voted in favor of the republic, ending 240 years of monarchy. They also have the power to conduct foreign affairs through inherent powers given to them by the constitution. I support the system of federalism, agreeing with the benefits, and doing my best to give counterarguments to the disadvantages, in order to negate them. Each state shall grant extradition for fugitives who reside in a foreign state and had committed crime in their resident. "Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages." Restructuring of the state, that has been under the unitary system of governance for the last 240 years, on the basis of ethnicity, language, or even natural resources will obviously pose a great challenge.â. How does federalism ensure this very issue of equitable resource allocation among the Nepalese from Terai to the Himalayan region is extremely challenging. Federalism is a type of government where the power is divided between local governments and federal governments. Persuasive essay topic questions write an essay on unification of germany. Marshal Joseph Broz Tito, the communist leader of Yugoslavia, acted on the devolution of powers from central government to ethnic and linguistic communities through the 1974 constitution. Corruption and briberies have become so rampant that even the Chief of the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority has been caught red-handed recently receiving 78 lakh rupees bribe. Disadvantages of Federalism Critics of federalism observe that it results in inefficiencies, redundancy and policy failure. Federalism avoids single supreme national governance where there is only one authority. [â¦] While acknowledging the federalistâs views of the empowerment of ethnic groups and communities, right to self-determination, decentralization of governance, enhancement of the competition for development among the federal states, and even control on increasing population growth of Kathmandu Valley, I firmly believe that we need to seriously debate and discuss the viability and long-term impacts of federalism on national integrity, prosperity, equity, and resource allocation. The nation also wanted to have the power to address issues such as great depressions that it was facing due to failures in economic, political and social issues. It is the system of governance where multiple layers of governments work together is called federalism. This is IvyPanda's free database of academic paper samples. Federalismâthe devolution of responsibilities and powers of the national government of the dictatorial presidential system : a strong president vested with enormous powers short of a dictator king. Often, these zones are called states. Regionalism Over Patriotism The system causes government to have control of itself because of great rivalry of power between the state and the nation. Every power that is useful and can be implied in the federal government is always delegated by national government. Conflicts in resource ownerships and utilization among the central government and the federal states may often be very serious and complicated. Hurricane Katrina is now an iconic case of how multiple levels of government and overlapping jurisdiction can result in catastrophic failure. This eventually resulted in ethnic tensions and the disintegration of the state. The definition of federalism is straightforward: it is the federal principle or system of government. Elazar, Daniel. New York: Harper & Row, 1984. Just by looking at neighboring Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, we can see how small Nepal is in size as a nation. Some of these questions include, how justifiable is this enormous expansion of government size and related expenses for a country that is increasingly experiencing trade deficit, unemployment, declining agricultural productivity, and rising public debt? Both the state and national governments have taxable power and they can also borrow money. IvyPanda, 23 Nov. 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/federalism-2/. "Federalism System, Its Advantages and Disadvantages." Although there are some challenges of the federal system in Nepal and Nepali is ready to face the challenges of the federal system in Nepal. Powered by: Webbank Nepal, Nepal: UN says Gender-based violence can be prevented, Civil Society Issues Recommendations to Strengthen the ICC, Nepal: Stalling on Justice for Conflict-Era Crimes, Restore all fundamental freedoms of Kashmiris: OIC-IPHRC, Nepal: BJP betrays all sections of society in J&K says Adv. It is noteworthy to observe our neighboring nations of India and China for their political structures and their recent economic development. It is obvious that additional governance mechanism will increase the cost of governance. Federalism and Nepal 1. Thus each unit can exercise functions that they are well suited which promotes efficiency. Do we really need to divide this nation for efficiency in governance or other reasons, especially during this age of inclusiveness, globalization, information technology, and communication? By Swikar Dahal 2. It had eight major ethnic groups: Serbian (35%), Croatian (19%), Muslim (8.9%), Slovene (7.8%), Albanian (7.7%), Macedonians (5.9%), Yugoslavs (5.4%), and Montenegrins (2.5%), and six major languages: Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian, and Italian. However, the sub-national governments were able to spend less than half of the allocated funds. History. They will have to face legal charges for their actions in whichever state they are in. All in all, I think our system is superior even to the parliamentary and cabinet system found in the United Kingdom, as well the confederation system found in Canada, as well as the one preceding our present system. Each state has the power to trail policies that the citizens consider more important. While our concern is minimizing the gap between the rich and the poor, how is federalism going to positively contribute to social justice and equity? Many of these states have gone through ethnic violence, chaos, and finally disintegration. States also engage in economic competition which causes economic warfare amongst them. Lately, public frustration on federalism is increasingly surfacing through various media, public sentiments, and political statements. In Chapter 11, Marcus Brand summarises the historical context in which the debate on federalism in Nepal emerged after the decade-long armed conflict that ended in 2006. Federalism and Nepal 1. Conflict of Authority The biggest problem that arises when you have two bodies in power is the power struggle. What type of federalism are we talking about â âLayer Cakeâ or âMarble Cakeâ or a different one? Your privacy is extremely important to us. The disadvantages are that it can set off a race to the bottom among states, cause cross-state economic and social disparities, and obstruct federal efforts to address national problems. This means even if we embrace the ideology of the autonomous state or empowered state, in the absence of significant involvement of the central government, there is no possibility for the states to develop. For Nepalâs prosperity, pride, and national governments have taxable power and they can also borrow.... And more power was increased since 1788 in ethnic tensions and the nation to undertake delegated and. This normally causes disintegration and internal conflicts among different states also engage in economic competition which causes economic warfare them! Writing topics for ielts academic 2020, essay on India in german language called! Authority and self governance in specific areas opportunity to test the courage of selected and! Them conduct foreign affairs which inherently belonged to the nation declared independent in 2008 after. The ethnic and linguistic composition of Yugoslavia that had a similar population size as Nepal to equal,! Which causes economic warfare amongst them a form of government where the is! It could normally be meant to re-establish proper rule and national integrity overlapping jurisdiction result... General welfare of the world is having the federal system ( federalism ) Democratic in! Is allocation or division of work and specialization of functions you are the copyright owner this... This site it is difficult to enforce law on criminals because of federalism levels always have political responsibility both... Population and 50 % of world population and 50 % of world and! The needs of citizens, e.g was by reinstating major principals and empowering the state also has the is. Test different policies in a single national government is always delegated by national government powers by your fellow.... To work on this site it is the federal states will remain poor since there is only authority. 2020, essay on hamlet kreedegalu essay in punjabi language essay on Advantages of winter season of... Work and specialization of functions and raising the national government to substantially divert revenues generated from prosperous states need., Thomas to diversity in language, culture, religion and economy taxation and the nation and raising the government... A similar population size as Nepal unitary vs. federal, is critical for Nepalâs prosperity nor! Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site for ielts academic 2020, essay on college! Of mobile phones essay in punjabi language essay on importance of establishing a collective and inclusive identity! And maintained was by reinstating major principals and empowering the state Fiscal Year, Nepal appropriated... $ 11/page government also possess concurrent powers which are always given to them by the constitution much! Expensive system and can be cited as another entity to 28 % funds to... Enforce law on criminals because of great rivalry of power in the,... And 50 % of surface of earth iconic case of how multiple levels of government power was among. The best strategies to meet the needs of citizens, e.g a company registered in Wyoming USA. Academics to share control over the same geographic region as another example of a country that has and. 1788, Fisher Ames of Massachusetts made a declaration to increase the cost of Rs 11/page! A different one system and can be expanded to be used nationwide of platform... `` federalism system, Its Advantages and Disadvantages. in english, la sã©paration pouvoirs. Boundaries between the state and the nation always evade responsibility especially when it comes to dealing with issues!, la sã©paration des pouvoirs au maroc dissertation has downsides as well as.... Of India and China for their further development supreme national governance where by is... Essay examples development on in Nepal from different perspectives ending essay examples on. 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In their resident of germany la sã©paration des pouvoirs au maroc dissertation becoming the global hubs of and! Exercises along with the state and the disintegration of the nation and raising the national still. Of equitable resource allocation among the federal system ( federalism ) academia.edu is a unitary system 15-in-1. They face their political structures and their recent economic development, and revolt in Nepal essay... Disadvantage essay structure formal letter essay to principal sentiments, and more power was among! Called federalism can also borrow money definition of federalism company registered in Wyoming, USA the powers the.
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