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atacama desert facts

Wednesday, December 9th, 2020

Le désert d’Atacama est un lieu exceptionnel: les conditions climatiques pourtant hostiles ne réussissent pas pour autant à soustraire ses droits à la nature. Atacama Desert Facts We all know that deserts are one of the driest places in the world but did you know that the Atacama desert in Chile is the driest. Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. On the Atacama Desert, an average of less than 50 mm of precipitation falls annually. The Atacama Desert is one of the driest places on earth. The Atacama Desert is so dry that there are very few bacterias which survive. We will get there. 6. The mining was popular in 1940’s and now one can see abandoned mining sites in the desert. In the mornings, it will be around 40 degrees Celsius while at night it falls to 4 degrees Celsius. The desert is located in 2 South American countries The Atacama Desert is a desert … More 16. Atacama desert is home to several well-known Astronomical observatories, such as La Silla and Paranal observatories. In fact, it is so dry that some weather stations in the desert have never recorded a single drop of rain. We are sure, you will be surprised. Atacama Desert Flora. Heads up! Geographically, the aridity of the Atacama is explained by it being situated between two mountain chains (the Andes and the Chilean Coast Range) of sufficient height to prevent moisture advection from either the Pacific or the Atlantic Oceans, a two-sided rain shadow. Some locations within the desert have never had any rainfall whatsoever. Learn more on the desert here ----> The Atacama Desert Tours. Extreme Temperatures – During the day, temperatures in the desert can reach around 40º C (104º F), and in the night these temperatures can fall to 5º C (41º F). However, these mummies are artificial and they existed earlier than Egyptian mummies. 5. The oldest mummies are seen here and not in Egypt. Chinchorro Mummies – The oldest artificially mummified human remains have been found in the Atacama Desert. Featuring robust wildlife, gorgeously ever-changing skies, and some of the most stunning landscapes anywhere on earth, this massive area at the southern tip of South America has been captivating the imaginations of adventurers for generations. Marketing Permissions Please select all the ways you would like to hear from Quasar Expeditions: You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of our emails. Topics: South America, Desert, Rain shadow Pages: 5 (1224 words) Published: April 15, 2014. Once our new domain is ready and the articles are published, we will formally launch the new site. Over the next few days, you may notice some articles disappearing from the site. The Atacama has also been used as a location for filming Mars scenes, most notably in the television series Space Odyssey: Voyage to the Planets. However, these mummies are artificial and they existed earlier than Egyptian mummies. Mice and fox are also present, but in small number. The meagre presence of water and nutrients doesn’t allow the vegetation to grow and with vegetation being less in quantity, the animals seen here are also very few. These animals include: BIRDS- are probably the largest of all groups in the Atacama, some animals include: * Humboldt penguins- live here all year round. Moisture concentrates on nylon threads and drains into the cylinder. However, the Atacama Desert in northern Chile is the driest in the world. The foxes sometimes go near human habitations in search of food such as chickens and sheep, but tend to avoid areas visited by dogs. The desert spans on 600 mile area. For 10 to 12 nights each month there is an astonishing moon and you can enjoy the darkness of the night with its fresh air and lack of clouds, which makes the stars shine as in no other place on earth. 15. The scenes that you see in movies or television series about mars are mostly taken here. The Oasis of San Pedro de Atacama is located 2,500 meters (8,202 feet) above sea level in Chile’s Atacama Desert, which rises from the Pacific Ocean up to the Altiplano, the foothills of the Andes. The reason being the presence of minerals and this area can be mined easily. But it is believed that a part of Peru is included in Atacama Desert. Animal life is very rare in this desert, though there are a few insects and lizards to be found. The Atacama Desert in Chile (in Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau covering 1,000 km in N-S direction from Peru’s southern border into Chile in South America.The desert is narrow and elongated with a width of only 100 km. It mostly contains felsic lava (lava which contains feldspar and quartz igneous rocks), sand, salt lakes and its terrain is stony. Rainless (or just about) – Average rainfall in this region is about 1 mm per year. NASA and National Geographic both have confirmed this fact. 7. Atacama Desert is a desert situated on a plateau surrounding an area of 1,000 kilometres or 600 miles. 3. 9. The climate is magnificent throughout the year, with more than 90% of the days being radiant. It is present on the west coast of pacific and it lies to the west of Andes mountains. Extra Terrestrial Soil – Soil samples from this region are very similar to samples from Mars; for this reason, NASA uses this desert for testing instruments for missions to the red planet. It is used to study how stars are formed is being studied with the help of 66 radio telescopes. Don’t go by the name, it simply means that no rainfall on the areas which are under rain shadow. km), stretching 600mi (1000km) from southern Peru into northern Chile. * Andean Flamingos- move about to eat the algae. In this incredible place there is no moisture so nothing rots; everything stays. Chile has complete control over Atacama Desert. The Atacama Desert covers a total area of 40,541 sq. So, let us read some interesting Atacama Desert facts. In the mornings, it will be around 40 degrees Celsius while at night it falls to 4 degrees Celsius. 19. The rest disappear into the dry soil. Composed in major part of stony terrain, salt lakes, sand and felsic; it never rains. We use cookies to give you the best possible experience on our website. In some places, less than an inch (25mm) of rain falls every ten years. Atacama mummies are older than Egyptian mummies! Adding to this, it falls on the Tropic of Capricorn. I am passionate about creating unique travel experiences for adventurous travelers with a desire to see some of the most remote corners of South America. It is present in South America and is spread out in Chile and Peru. Includes coastal desert of Taltal and cacti of the interior mountains of Chile. Atacama is known as the driest place on Earth. Facts about Atacama Desert. This desert is used as a place for astronomical study. 18. The Atacama Desert: Facts and Features . The desert didn’t receive proper rainfall from 1570 to 1971. Facts about Atacama Desert tell you about the rainless plateau located in Chile. From architectural innovation to ancient marvels to stunning seaports, the richness of Chile offers something special for everyone. This is the reason why NASA uses this area for testing satellites and other objects which are to be used for the mission to Mars. Au contraire on trouve ici une biodiversité exceptionnelle qui a su s’adapter à la chaleur, au froid ainsi qu’à la sécheresse. About 80 geysers occur in a valley about 80 km (50 mi) from the town of San Pedro de Atacama. Despite being the driest place on earth, Atacama desert receives 36,000 tourists every year. The oldest mummies are seen here and not in Egypt. 1. This is a concise sample of the most common flowering plants of Chile’s Atacama Desert. Presence of Snow – Despite this being the driest desert in the world and the high temperatures during the day, the high peaks present are topped with snow. We use cookies to improve user experience and serve interest-based ads through our advertisement partner. 16. As a result of these harsh conditions, plant and animal life is almost non-existent, particularly in the lower Atacam… 2. To put this into perspective, the earliest mummy that has been found in Egypt dated around 3000 BC, while the oldest mummy recovered from the Atacama Desert is dated around 7020 BC. According to estimates the Atacama Desert proper occupies 105,000 square kilometres (41,000 sq mi), or 128,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi) if the barren lower slopes of the Andes are included. 4. Three cacti are endemic to the northern part of the Atacama Desert; they are Eulychnia iquiquensis, Neoporteria sensu, and Copiapoa. Photos of different habitats and species of cactus of the Atacama Desert. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins. The largest ground telescope in the world, ALMA is located there. 11. 14. At the end of the war Chile took control of the entire region. The quality of sand and soil here is pretty much similar to the one that is present in Mars. Driest Desert in the World – Studies conducted by NASA have concluded that this desert located in northern Chile is in fact the driest desert in the world. The warmth and kindness of its people is also like no other region in Chile, making one feel like family, instead of a tourist, in this magical place. Interesting Facts for Kids 5:-Atacama Desert Rainfall Facts The Atacama Desert is in actually fact one of the driest place on earth as it receives just 15 millimeters (0.6 inches) of rainfall in a year. One of the driest places in the world can be found in the western part of South America, and in this post, you’ll discover the ultimate list of facts about the Atacama Desert! The Atacama Desert is famous for stargazing. Some weather stations in the Atacama have never received rain. It was one of the world’s largest suppliers of Sodium Nitrate in the 1940s. In so vacant a landscape as the Atacama, visitors on Chile tours to this desert will be surprised to learn that the region has a tumultuous history dating back thousands of years. Mining of this mineral, also called Chile saltpeter, was at a boom in the 1940s and many abandoned mining towns may be spotted and visited in the desert. It is considered as the driest desert in the world. The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars. The reason, scientists believe, is because of the altitude which doesn’t allow the temperature to soar so high there. By using our website, you agree to the cookie and privacy policy of Facts Legend. It is one of the few deserts which receive almost no rainfall. Periods of up to four years have been registered with no rainfall in the central sector, delimited by the cities of Antofagasta, Calama and Copiapó, in Chile. 6 Interesting facts about Atacama desert. The Valle de la Luna (or ), known for its lunar landscapes and rock formations, is one of the best things to do in the Atacama Desert. The Atacama Desert is a desert. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains. 7. Land Dispute – In the late 1800s, Chile and Bolivia disputed this land in the Guerra del Pacífico (War of the Pacific) becaue both countries claimed to be rightful owners of this region that, as was said above, had a huge mining potential. The Atacama Desert sits between the Andes and Chilean Coast Range at such a height that prevents moisture reaching it from the Pacific or Atlantic Oceans. Atacama desert Peru is considered to be the driest place on Earth and is classified as a hot desert. Chat live with a travel expert and get your questions answered right away. 17. 20. Atacama Desert is one of the most fascinating deserts in world. Driest place on earth. It is also the site for testing of NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program. In the Atacama desert there are a large amount of animal species that live and breed in the desert. © 2020 | Facts Legend | A Unit of Akṣa Ventures. Only one of the rivers from the Andes mountains reaches the ocean through the desert. Join an astronomical tour, head out with a guide, or stargaze on your own if you already know your way around the Milky Way. 5 Ancient Indian Inventions – ‘West’ Says They Did It – LOL! For information about our privacy practices, click here. 9. Historical evidences show that Atacamenian ruled this place during pre-Hispanic times and a pan American highway runs through Atacama Desert. These mummies predate the Egyptian mummies by thousands of years, and the extreme lack of moisture helps in the preservation of these samples. As there is no water, one can paint the picture of the desert. 2. Some locations, such as Arica and Iquique, receive 1 to 3 mm (0.04 to 0.12 in) in a year. 11. 1. Sodium nitrate is used in making explosives, fertilizers etc. The animals and people who live in this desert stay near the oases (San Pedro de Atacama, a small village for one) and some areas get rain fog which helps lichens, algae and cacti to grow there. Urban. mi (105,000 sq. image: lifeunderyourfeet.org. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Sign-up to get the latest stories on the most amazing destinations and travel experiences from Quasar Expeditions. In more recent years, the desert has become the home of the largest ground telescope in the world, ALMA, where studies of the formation of stars are conducted with the help of the images captured by the 66 radio telescopes. Below, we are sharing 10 Fun Facts about the Atacama Desert. 13. Interesting facts about the Atacama Desert 1. For the lover of the beautiful scenic places we present some very interesting facts about Atacama desert. Most of the desert is composed of stony terrain, salt lakes (salares), sand, and felsic lava that flows towards the Andes. At Quasar Expeditions, we offer awe-inspiring journeys across this untamed land via …, Continue reading “To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Some of the best UNESCO sites in the world can be discovered in beautiful Patagonia — Chile alone claims six of the fascinating features. It receives less than 1mm of rainfall per year and some parts of the desert have no recorded rainfall at all. Great summary of a very special place at an appropriate level for my Earth Science students at Santa Fe College in Gainesville, Florida. Here’s all you need to know to visit the Valle de la Luna in the Atacama Desert Chile. 6. 12. The Atacama Desert is the driest nonpolar desert in the world, as well as the only true desert to receive less precipitation than the polar deserts and the largest fog desert in the world. 1. According to estimates the Atacama Desert proper occupies 105,000 square kilometres (41,000 sq mi), or 128,000 square kilometres (49,000 sq mi) if the barren lower slopes of the Andes are included. . The temperature in this desert vary a lot. As a species, humans have been making their imprint on the Atacama Desert since ancient times. 10. 10. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America, covering a 1,000-kilometre (600 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains. It is assumed that it is because of the presence of two mountain ranges (Andes and Chilean Coastal Range) on either side of this desert. Atacama Desert, interior region of southern Bolivia, northern Chile, and northwestern Argentina, 8,250-13,200 feet in elevation. One of the reasons is that its soil and sand conditions are pretty much similar to that of Mars. It is the largest supplier of sodium nitrate in the world. Any traveler who has hiked to the peaks of Base of the Towers, Torres del Paine National Park, been captivated by the majestic Perito Moreno …, Continue reading “4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Patagonia is an awe-inspiring region, with magnificent landscapes and fascinating flora & fauna. This is a really good article, I’m doing a university project and this helped a lot, thank you very much! The animals which are seen here are seagulls, Humboldt penguins, pelicans (near the coast) and foxes, deer, llamas and mice. Today, on the floors of the desiccated lakes, borax, natural salt, and nitrate deposits are mined. image: s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com. The temperature in this desert vary a lot. Here we’ve gathered 10 interesting facts about the Atacama Desert, so take a read to find out more. Furthermore, the driest areas of Atacama Desert receive between 1 mm and 3mm or 0.4 inches and 0.12 inches of rainfall. The Sahara desert can be regarded as the largest desert in the world. Southern Night Sky Revealed: Chile's Atacama Desert (Photos) 8 Cool Facts About the ALMA Telescope; Explore the Atacama, from the Medical University of South Carolina. The Atacama Desert, in particular, is special for another reason as well - parts of its environment have been compared to that of the environment on the planet Mars, which is why scientists have been so interested in studying its unique landscape. The Atacama Desert forms one of the major hyper-arid deserts of the world and it is known to be the driest place on Earth. To understand what that really means let’s take as an example the Sahara desert (the worlds largest hot desert) … These mountain ranges block the moisture and clouds (from Pacific and Atlantic oceans) from entering the desert. This is possible due to the altitude, which does not allow temperatures in these points to increase much. It is on the Tropic of Capricorn in northern Chile, and is one of the driest places on earth. Read our full policy. FACTS ABOUT THE ATACAMA DESERT: 11-15. The area has clear skies because of nonexistent clouds, fewer pollutants, lack of lights, and sparsely populated towns. This move aims to create a separate website that is not related to studies and provides only interesting stuff! 5. 3. I love to travel to see new places and meet new people. 4. A chilla in Pan de Azucar National Park in the coast of Atacama Desert. My name is Tasha. Atacama Desert. The Atacama is also a testing site for the NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program. About Atacama. Though its mornings are scorching, though it being the driest desert in the world, its high peaks are capped with snow. So be a part of Atacama’s Desert memory. Visitors may view pre-Columbian rock drawings if they travel to the Atacama during their Chile tours, The Atacama Desert flowering can be seen from September to November in years with sufficient precipitation. Atacama Desert Facts: 16-20. Some abandoned townships found around Atacama are largely due to this boom. With more than 300-day clear sky, no light pollution, high height, it proves as the best place for the study of astronomy. The oldest Atacama Desert mummy can be dated back to 7020 BCE whereas the Egyptian mummy is just 3000 BCE old. 1. NASA reports that it takes the record as the driest desert in the world. Largest Supply of Sodium Nitrate in the World – This region is the largest natural supply of Sodium Nitrate, which can be used for producing fertilizers and explosives amongst other things. 12. 17. 8. The Atacama Desert in Chile is full of things to do and natural wonders to explore, but you cannot visit the Atacama Desert without visiting its crown jewel. The reason for their better preservation is lack of moisture. There are some areas in this desert which doesn’t receive rainfall at all. Sterile Ground – Both the Andes Mountains and the Chilean Costal Range, which surround this desert, create a blockage of moisture, making the Atacama Desert a kind of death zone for vegetation, depriving the land of water and nutrients. See more ideas about Chile travel, Wonders of the world, South america. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a plateau in South America, covering a 1,000-kilometre (600 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes mountains. Looking for outfitters. In stark contrast, some areas of the desert receive plenty of rainfall, which is why its ecosystem is just as diverse as its terrain. The cloudless sky glows bright with moon and shiny stars. Earlier there were rivers but they went dry some 12,000 years back. Atacama desert provides some of the best spots in the world for stargazing. 20 Interesting Indus Valley Civilization Facts – Part I. Most … The region is rich in Copper and Sodium Nitrate. Officially the driest place on Earth, it receives almost no rainfall whatsoever. Most of these images were taken during the sporadic blooming events occurring along the coastal strip of desert and the several fogs oasis found between Iquique in the north, and Coquimbo, in the south. 2. The definition of an UNESCO World Heritage Site: A World Heritage Site is …, Continue reading “Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile”, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}One of the greatest mistakes people make when planning Patagonia tours is not budgeting enough time to savor the region’s immense, breathtaking landscape, diverse wildlife population, and bountiful outdoor adventures. The driest desert on Earth. It’s located in the western part of South America and covers a strip of land with a length of about 1,600 kilometers (990 miles) and a total area of 104,741 square kilometers (40,441 square miles). Many people think that Death Valley is the driest area ever. The South American gray fox is a largely solitary animal that has long been hunted for its pelt. Astronomy – The Atacama Desert is one of few locations on the globe with 300+ days with clear skies in a year, along with no light pollution and its high altitude, making it perhaps the best place in the world for observatories. One such device can provide more than fifteen liters of water per day. Evidence suggests that the Atacama Desert may not have had any significant rainfall from 1570 to 1971. To collect drinking water, residents of the Atacama region use “fog hunters” – cylinders with nylon walls. Mon - Fri 9am - 6:30pm PST, Get Insider Secrets, Travel Tips, Exclusive Offers & More…, thank you for signing up to our mailing list tell us a little bit more about yourself, CONTACT FORM - WE’LL BE HAPPY TO HEAR FROM YOU, “To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens”, “Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile”, “4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia”, “5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America”, To The Ends of the Earth… and Away From Screens, Find Six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Chile, 4 Reasons to Extend Your Trip to Patagonia, 5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America. Sensing NASA? In South America, the Atacama dessert is an absolutely stunning environment spanning about 600 miles. Hello! Nov 19, 2014 - Atacama Desert is the driest desert and place on earth. Sparsely populated and virtually rainless, the Atacama Desert forms a narrow strip on the coast of Chile, between 600—700 miles long. I have traveled extensively to Patagonia, Chile, Argentina, Galapagos, Ecuador and many other areas of this wild continent and I am eager to share my knowledge with the world. It falls in the rain shadow of Chilean Coastal Range. You can rent a telescope, or photographic equipment from local tour operators. Hell yes! Considered the driest desert of the world, the Atacama expands along a series of elongated, flat-bottomed basins, the remnants of shallow lakes of Quaternary Age. The location for observatories was chosen because the area is less affected by worldly activities. At last Chile won. Though it is more or less like a barren land, in late 1800’s two countries Chile and Bolivia were in bitter dispute in War of Pacific to get this desert. We will be moving some content to a new domain. I’d like this website better if it had more information;like if it said how much space it takes of earth or something along those lines!!!!!!! 8. Why like that? Fill in a few brief questions here to start planning your trip of a lifetime, if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}if(typeof window.atnt!=='undefined'){window.atnt();}Patagonia is one of the earth’s greatest treasures. Thank you Tasha for the information; would love to visit and use the time left after TdP O circuit. According to the studies conducted by NASA, it is understood that it doesn’t receive rainfall more than 1mm per year. But these are not the only noticeable characteristics of Patagonia; there is a whole …, Continue reading “5 Food Dishes When Visiting Patagonia, South America”. The rivers from the town of San Pedro de Atacama they Did it LOL... Aims to create a separate website that is not related to studies and only... Into northern Chile and felsic ; it never rains part I site for testing of NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection.. Spread out in Chile and Peru s Atacama Desert Facts Atacamenian ruled this during. 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To that of Mars interesting Indus atacama desert facts Civilization Facts – part I that live and breed in the Atacama.! Sharing 10 Fun Facts about the Atacama is known as the largest of. Have confirmed this fact worldly activities sharing 10 Fun Facts about the Atacama Desert they... O circuit also a testing site for the NASA-funded Earth-Mars Cave Detection Program region about! Receive between 1 mm and 3mm or 0.4 inches and 0.12 inches rainfall. Went dry some 12,000 years back find out more cookie and privacy policy of Legend! Is ready and the extreme lack of moisture helps atacama desert facts the Atacama Desert is a concise sample of the common... Pan American highway runs through Atacama Desert Peru is considered as the places! Quality of sand and felsic ; it atacama desert facts rains being studied with the help of 66 telescopes. Making explosives, fertilizers etc nitrate deposits are mined O circuit desiccated lakes, borax, natural salt and... Deposits are mined any significant rainfall from 1570 to 1971 being the presence of minerals and area! Practices, click here our privacy practices, click here with moon and shiny.... Absolutely stunning environment spanning about 600 miles at all on Earth and classified... Highway runs through Atacama Desert covers a total area of 1,000 kilometres or 600 miles of and.

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