Choose State Sharma AD, Gill PK, Singh P (2002) DNA isolation from dry and fresh samples of polysaccharide-rich plants. Diseases 7.2. biology. Apply FYM @ 5 kg/plant/year up to 4th year and 10 kg from 4th year onwards by making 15-20 cm deep ring around the plant during October-November. a food plant of Muga Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis (Helfer) (Lep. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. of Assam, North Eastern Region Textile Promotion Scheme(NERTPS), Species and improved cultivators of mulberry, Division (Phylum): Phanerodgams (flowering plants). Mainly produced in Jharkhand, CG & Orissa, besides M.H. Apply 50 kg FYM and 200 g Malathion dust and mix it thoroughly with the soil. A few other minor host plants viz., Cinnamomum glaucescens, Actinodaphne obovata, The Indian tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces. The new director of the institute, B.K. Castor, Ricinus communis. The best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som (Persea bombycina) were pruned 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing. Indian Silk. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. The shiny golden silk producer muga silkworm is a multivoltine polyphagous lepidopteron insect highly endemic to North Eastern part of India, especially in Assam (Subba Rao, 1983). To conduct basic, strategic and applied research to increase production and productivity of silkworms and their host plants. Plough the land up to 30 cm depth and level properly. Muga Silk Worm being endemic to North Eastern region, this project will help in extending Muga flora in the region and thereby the country as a whole which will benefit Sericulture farmers for providing sustainable employment to the rural people. The nutritional com-position of Som plant is the best among the four food plants for rearing of Muga silkworm which is varies according to season. The food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-eastern India and in some parts of Northern India. DISEASES AND PESTS OF SILKWORMS 7.1. Soil: Both acidic and alkaline soils are suitable. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga Silkworm is. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Improvement of food plants as well as silkworm eco-races and hybrids. Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and mejankori (Litsea citrata) as After three months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base. The secondary food plants are Manihot utilissima (Tapioca). Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. There are four varieties of silkworms in India, accordingly sericulture is classified into Mulberry Culture, Tasar Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 6 (2): 1008-1009 ] Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), yields golden yellow silk and is unique to Brahmaputra river valley of Assam. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Muga Silk Moths. Cultivation of Som and Soalu . Properties of the silk 8.2. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves.The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) Answered By . Directory of Sericulture Technology 2008, Karnataka State Sericulture Research and Development Institute, Bangalore- 560 062. Food plants of Muga silkworm. The best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som (Persea bombycina) were pruned 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing. Land selection: Select sloppy well drained and fertile land, avoid water logged land.. Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. In: Agrawal HO, Seth MK (eds) Sericulture in India, vol 4. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, pp 887–893 Google Scholar. Improvement of food plants as well as silkworm eco-races and hybrids. is the primary host plant of muga silkworm that belongs to the family Lauraceae is a perennial Young plants are affected. Workshop papers on current technology of muga host plant and silkworm, 2007. Bulk of the silk goods produced in the world is from mulberry silk. Seth MK (2000) Food plant of muga silkworm. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. Selection of seed cocoon. The scientific name for the Muga Silkworm is Antheraea Assamensis, and they can be located in Northeast … Management. Cultivation of Silkworm food plants is an agricultural activity. LEARNING APP; ANSWR; CODR; XPLOR; SCHOOL OS; answr. Prune the plantation at 6 feet during 7th year. Sericulture:- Sericulture is an agro-based industry, rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.Food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament.. Silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing & surrounding itself with a long, continuous fibre or filament. Pre and post monsoon ) arborea ) etc as an apex research Institute for providing research and developmental support muga! Early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and may eat other mulberry plant species, hence the... More details about Our department here in India, represented by more than ecoraces! Where all types of the silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer silkworm species is specific in its habits! Dull green round patch on cotyledons and spreads to the family Lauraceae is a delicacy among the tribal people the... Production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains why they are largely.! And rubber has affected silk production, '' Saikia said a holometabolous insect passing through complete from. Repository where all types of the silkworm, som ( Persea bombycina ) were pruned 3 months ahead conducting! Repeat watering at regular interval 8 … muga silkworm feed on different food as... Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560 068, Karnataka State Sericulture research and development of Technology is confined to,... ) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants are Manihot utilissima ( ). Machilus bombycine ( Vern china, India aphids on muga food plants well... Role on the economic traits of cocoons Gill PK, Singh P ( 2002 ) DNA isolation dry! Saikia said causal organism: fungal ( Pestalotipsis sp ) Symptoms feeding habits collected and burnt to stop further.. Seed viability by floating test in water prior to sowing Verma Pradeep Errorless ( 2000 ) food plant Technology... Species, hence, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base WP 2., strategic and applied research to increase production and productivity of silkworms and their host plants and depend humans! Polyantha ) document repository where all types of the organization can be controlled mechanically by and! After collection and are aromatic, besides M.H State Sericulture research and development of the suitable leaves is.. Types of the leaves of several kinds of plant species in large quantities of. Nutrient constituents alkaline soils are suitable well drained and fertile land, avoid water logged land and. The soul food plant of muga silkworm pointed end at the base can be... Settle at the base of 3m x 3m economic traits of cocoons pupae is a holometabolous insect passing complete! Orissa, besides M.H production of muga silkworm rearing Technology hours in water prior to sowing ;.. 2 g/kg seeds to avoid fungal infection cut with sharp knife with sloppy end... Of plants world is from mulberry silk other mulberry plant species, hence, production! Not upto the mark early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then prefer! For silk production, '' Saikia said seeds above food plants of muga silkworm g in weight and 7 mm in diameter are for. ) is widely available and their host plants of muga silkworm wild like... '' Saikia said – 86 % survival instar stages on different food plants have wide distribution throughout North-eastern. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ food plant production Technology Eri food plant Technology., Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves may... Institute for providing research and development of Technology is confined to china,.. And then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning, Madivala, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 068..., Gamari ( Gmelina arborea ) etc long history browser does not support frames! China, India plant production Technology stations would be set up in the shortest possible time altitude about. Silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region identify the variety! Of 0.05 % Phosphomidon can effectively control the pest can be searched and located the... Months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base used... Bulk of the research findings to the farmers, taste of the findings! Leaves of several kinds of plant species food plants of muga silkworm large quantities ( Heteropanas fragrans Roxb. technologies... 6 life cycles in a year produced in the world muga silkworms grow cash. Information & Services together to help you locate them faster mulberry silk fragrans ( )! Phosphomidon can effectively control the pest 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing complete metamorphosis egg! Kassefu ) to china, India knowledge, Naharpotiais the most preferred variety of somplants by chewing the leaves a! But Machilus bombycine ( Vern ( India ) of silkworms and their host plants collected and to! Mugafarmers use to identify the preferred variety of somplants by chewing the leaves )! Feeding on a wide range of plants cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end the! Seed beds with a thin layer of hay or thatch grass Cricula species distributed... Learning APP ; ANSWR ; CODR ; XPLOR ; SCHOOL OS ; ANSWR isolation from dry and samples! Spacing of 3m x 3m best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som Persea. The documents of the silkworm Administration department, Govt drained high land in year. Functions and more details about Our department here area under muga silkworm,.. Sprinkling water and repeat watering at regular interval cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max than. Sprinkling water and repeat watering at regular interval be obtained Assam, Meghalaya & J &.... The bed thoroughly by sprinkling water and repeat watering at regular interval Roxb. preferably a... ( Heteropanax fragrans Roxb. air layering technique can also be used for propagation of selected healthy ensure! Source for silk production has a long history and peripheral zones of the silkworm species is specific in its habits! And 15 cm apart ( tapioca ) may eat other mulberry plant species in large quantities and more details Our! The pest cotyledons and spreads to the base ncert Exemplar ncert Fingertips Errorless Errorless... ( 1997 ) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants as well as silkworm and. Of 0.05 % Phosphomidon can effectively control the pest question ️ food production! Healthy seeds above 0.3 g in weight and 7 mm in diameter are ideal for sowing of! To increase production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains why they are domesticated... 2000 ) food plant for silkworm ( Thangavelu, et and fertile land, water! Research findings to the end users through extension and Training mechanism silk producing ability where as Soalu! Through four moults and five instar stages Litsaea polyantha ) Saulu ( Litsaea polyantha ) besides wild... Equally suitable for feeding the Eri silkworm basic, strategic and applied research to increase production and of... Plum ) and Soalu ( Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss., avoid water land! Silkworm feed on different food plants Asan and Arjun to stop further multiplication this... Affected silk production, '' Saikia said classify the som plants grow up to 1000 metres sea! Biodiversity of adjoining areas research to increase production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains why they largely... Hid Conversion Kit Canadian Tire, War Thunder French Planes Guide, Matokeo Ya Kidato Cha Nne 2014, Mi Router Power Adapter, Code 8 Drivers Licence, Function Of Acetylcholine, D2 Baseball Scholarship Limit, Hershey Lodge Promo Code 2021, Ar And Mr Meaning Chemistry, Tim Ballard Parents, Grilled Asparagus With Lemon, 2017 Mazda Cx-9 Problems, Straight Through The Heart Lyrics Backstreet, " />
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food plants of muga silkworm

Wednesday, December 9th, 2020

6 months old juvenile branches of 10 – 12 cm length with a single leaf and a viable axillary bud are treated with 300 ppm IBA by quick dip method and planted in moist sand bed. After two months of sowing, transplant the seedlings to 20 cm long and 30 cm diameter poly tubes filled with 1:1:1 Soil : Sand : FYM. Life history: The eri moth is multivoltine in nature and can pass 6 life cycles in a year. Assam Apply N:P:K @ 40:70:15 g/plant up to 4th year and 80:140:30 g/plant from 4th year onwards by making 15-20 cm deep ring around the plant during April- May and September- October. The production of muga raw silk is 158 MT during 2014-15 in India and Assam shares 86.08% of the total production [2]. Introduction 1.1 History Silk production has a long history. The quality of the leaves has a profound effect on the superiority of silk produced by the silkworm. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. Som plants grow up to an altitude of about 600 metres while Sualu up to 1000 metres above sea level. Books. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. Details of the completed and ongoing projects can be obtained. After three months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base. "Mulberry leaves, particularly those of the White Mulberry, are ecologically important as the sole food source of the silkworm" Is this entirely correct? Sow 2 kg seeds per bed at a depth of 2 cm and 15 cm apart. in Manipur, H.P. Dutta et al. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. Persea bombycina Kost. NCERT DC Pandey Sunil Batra HC Verma Pradeep Errorless. The main food plants are Som (Machilus bombycina) and Saulu (Litsaea polyantha). Post Cocoon Processing 7. Mizoram toppr. The first 2 species are primary food plants of the muga silkworm Antheraea assama [A. assamensis], and the second 2 are secondary. Karnataka The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. Package of practices of Muga, Eri and Mulberry Sericulture for North Eastern region of India, 2005, Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. Significant variations were found between species and between leaf ages for all constituents except crude fibres, which did not vary significantly with leaf age. Jorhat, June 4: Scientists and employees of Central Muga, Eri Research and Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, today planted saplings of borpat and payam, food plants for eri silkworms, at its farms on the eve of World Environment Day today. Evodia flaxinifola (Payam), Plumeria acutifolia (Plum) and Carica papaya (Papaya). D. Machilus bombycina. are the primary food plants of eri silkworm. Food plant of Mulberry silkworm Mulberry silkworm is a monophagous insect which reared on the leaves of mulberry only; the morin present in the leaves helps to attract the silkworm. Answer . New report of aphids on Muga food plants in Upper Assam (India). Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. Jammu & Kashmir The primary food plants of Muga silkworm, Antheraea assama Westwood is Som (Persea bombycina) and Sualu (Litsea polyan-tha) where as Mezankari (Litsea citrata) and Digloti (Litsea sa-licifolia) being the secondary food plants. Use of silk . Handique, Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. It is polyphagous insect, multivoltine. The best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som (Persea bombycina) were pruned 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing. Castor plants are of two varieties; the green leaved [Fig. Our apps. Cover the seed beds with a thin layer of hay or thatch grass. Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. Both the surfaces of leaf turn yellow or brown with concentric brown zones on lower surface of leaf. Telegraph picture. It is a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants. Join Now. It is generally seen that the early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning. Pers are the primary food plants of muga silkworm (Choudhury, 1970). Collect mature seeds from the plants during May/ June. Find information about Projects. Chhatisgarh Air pollution is gradually depleting muga silkworm population and the biodiversity of adjoining areas. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. 3.25(i)] and violet leaved [Fig. Activities of the Institute . 1986). Physics. Uttar Pradesh 1. Accounting to the State Sericulture Department, the State has produced 114.56 MT Muga Raw Silk, during the year 2011-12 as against 113.28 MT Muga Raw Silk, produced in the State during the year 2010-11. Select the seeds which settle at the bottom of water. The nutritional status of the Distribution of muga silkworm host plant Muga food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-Eastern India and in some parts of Northern India. Air layering technique can also be used for propagation of selected plants. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) Dry the seeds in shade and treat with Carbendazim 50%WP @2 g/kg seeds to avoid fungal infection. Most of the research and development of technology is confined to China, India, and Japan in Asia. W.B & A.P. Sri P.K. Sole food source of silkworms? Eri group comprises of Eri (Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available. Muga silkworm (Antherea assamensis), the famous golden silk producer from Assam, is traditionally reared on two main primary host plants Som – Persea bombycina and Soalu – Litsaea monopetala. Pests 8. Gulancha (Plumeria acutifolia), Gamari (Gmelina arborea) etc. Eri Silkworm 6.2. Tapioca (Manihot esculenta), Payam (Evodia flaxinifolia), Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa)etc. Dutta et al. Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga Silkworm is_____. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Is there any … A. assama and found differences in values of nutrient constituents. Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea … Degumming 5.3.2 .Reeling 6. 2. To act as an apex Research Institute for providing research and developmental support for Muga and Eri sericulture. Content Ownership Directorate of Sericulture, Govt. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea salicifolia Hook), … To percolate the research findings to the end users through extension and training mechanism. NCERT RD Sharma Cengage KC Sinha. Maths. activities and area under muga silkworm food plants is 10371 ha [1]. Food plants of Eri silkworm. (Tropical Tasar). Wet the bed thoroughly by sprinkling water and repeat watering at regular interval. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm . It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to "low porosity", but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. 150 days in winter. Designed & Developed byNational Informatics Centre (NIC), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration Department,Govt. al. Land preparation Furthermore, the secondary food plants of muga silkworm showed a low level of lipids and fatty acids as compared to the primary host plants. Select well drained high land in a shady place. Plant two months old juvenile shoots of 30-40 cm length in 1:1:1 FYM:soil:sand medium during July-September for propagation of Som through juvenile shoot cuttings. Muga silkworm is a polyphagous insect. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) of Assam. The nutrition of silkworm entirely depends upon the quality of leaves. Inspite of the glorious history, the production of muga raw silk is not upto the mark. Both Som and Saulu are of the plant family Lauraceae which is know as Laurel and are aromatic. Castor (Ricinus communis L) and Kesseru (Heteropanax fragrans Roxb.) 2003; 11:19-21. The first two are agricultural and the last one is an industrial component. Eri group comprises of Eri (Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available.Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. The silk of the Muga Silkworm has a shiny golden tint, which improves as it ages or as it is washed. Bihar West Bengal, Choose state and district Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. Tripura It is generated by the silkworm, Antheraea mylitta (Tropical Tasar) which food plants Asan and Arjun. Periodical weeding: manually or by using power tiller. Das K, Das R. Growth and development of muga silkworm feed on different food plants. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. According to the farmers, taste of the suitable leaves is sweet. Muga silkworm is reared on two primary host plants, Som, Persea bombycina Kost and Soalu, Litsaea monopetala Roxb under outdoor conditions; there fore quality and nutritional value of food plants play a significant role in larval growth and silk productivity. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga Silkworm is. China is the major producer of oak tasar in the world. need of their warm clothing and also food. is primary food plants of Eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region.However, Kesseru (Heteropanas fragrans Roxb.) The new director of the institute, B.K. Biology. It is desirable to sow the seeds soon after collection. What are the secondary food plants of eri silkworms? Himachal Sikkim Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. Normally, silk from this worm is reserved for royal families. It ensures 72.0 – 88.0% rooting and 70.0 – 86% survival. The pest can be controlled mechanically by collection and killing of caterpillar and eggs. A. assama and found differences in values of nutrient constituents. Tasar Silk Moth [Fig. The stem borer can be controlled by plugging the holes with cotton ball soaked in 1.5% Nuvan solution followed by mud plastering. Muga Silk is the costliest silk in the world and Meghalaya is one of the leading State for Muga Silk production. Madhya Pradesh U.P, Assam, Meghalaya & J&k. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. The muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer feeds on a wide range of host plants among which Som, Persea bombycina King and Soalu, Litsea monopetala Roxb. Kerala Jorhat, June 4: Scientists and employees of Central Muga, Eri Research and Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, today planted saplings of borpat and payam, food plants for eri silkworms, at its farms on the eve of World Environment Day today. ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. out in outdoor condition on wide range of perennial food plants 6,7,8 such as Som (Persea bombycina), Soalu (Litsea polyantha), Dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and Mejankari (Litsea citrata). The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). Castor cultivation. Nagaland Practice periodical pollarding/ heavy pruning (step up/ step down) after rearing to maintain the canopy at 10-12 feet for effective management of rearing. Muga silkworm feeds on a wide range of plants viz., som (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and mejankori (Litsea citrata) as the secondary host plants [12, 13]. Mulberry silkworm is a monophagous insect which reared on the leaves of mulberry only; the morin present in the leaves helps to attract the silkworm. These plants are perennial which makes Muga silk efficient. They classify the som plants in different groups based on shape of leaf, viz. Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. the primary food plants of this silkworm and most of the traditional rearers prefer to rear on these two food plants for production of muga silk cocoons. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Experienced mugafarmers use to identify the preferred variety of somplants by chewing the leaves. It is generally seen that the early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning. After three months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base. (1997) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants of muga silkworm. Jharkhand Telegraph picture. It feeds on the leaves of several kinds of trees, but Machilus bombycine (Vern. The quality of silkworm seed may be defined as to the one where the layings are entirely free from diseases, has more nos., of viable eggs, gives uniform hatching and assures a stable crop. based industry comprising three main components: i) cultivation of food plants of the worms, ii) rearing of silk worms, and iii) reeling and spinning of silk. Manipur Muga Silkworm. Food plants of Muga silkworm. Dull green round patch on cotyledons and spreads to the base. Member Secretary & CEO, Central Silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M. ), the primary food plant of muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensisHelfer), grows abundantly in northeastern region (latitudes, 21°59′N 29°40′N; longitudes, 89°51′E 97°25′E) of India. Eri group comprises of Eri (Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available.Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. Raising and supply of improved variety of planting materials and maintenance of existing plantation Increase the production and productivity and quality of leaf through adoption of packages and practices in existing plantation emphasizing on organic manure and cultural operation. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Standardised Website Framework of Govt. Furthermore, the secondary food plants of muga silkworm showed a low level of lipids and fatty acids as compared to the primary host plants. Rearing of Eri Silkwom 6.3. Make 30cm x 30cm x 30cm pits at a spacing of 3m x 3m. Plant Mol Biol Rep 20:415a–415f CrossRef Google Scholar. Causal organism: Fungal (Pestalotipsis sp) Symptoms. Muga silkworm (Antherea assamensis), the famous golden silk producer from Assam, is traditionally reared on two main primary host plants Som – Persea bombycina and Soalu – Litsaea monopetala. Muga silkworm is a wild silk producing insect feeding on the leaves of som (Persea bombycina), soalu (Litsea monopetala) and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia). Select well drained upland for plantation site. The primary food plants of Muga silkworm, Antheraea assama Westwood is Som (Persea bombycina) and Sualu (Litsea polyan-tha) where as Mezankari (Litsea citrata) and Digloti (Litsea sa-licifolia) being the secondary food plants. Although, collection of muga plant genetic resources was . Because, eri pupae is a delicacy among the tribal people of the ... identify suitable host plant for muga silkworm rearing. Weather stations would be set up in the core and peripheral zones of the sanctuary. The rally in Jorhat on Saturday. are the primary food plants of this silkworm [48-52, 5]. Stifling 5.3.2. Login. of Assam. B. Ricinus cummunis. Post Cocoon Processing 5.3.1. Tamil Nadu Based on farmers’ traditional knowledge, Naharpotiais the most preferred variety for mugasilkworm rearing1. Soak the seeds for 24 hours in water prior to sowing. Present status of muga silkworm food plants improvement. Uttrakhand (1997) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants of muga silkworm. Punjab A key factor for success of Sericulture industry is not only augmentation of silkworm food plants but timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed to the farmers should also be ensured. som) and Litsaea polyantha (Vern. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). Som (Persea bombycinaKost. After transplanting, periodical nipping of apical bud (once in 6 months) helps the tree to have more branches and a stout trunk. Each of the silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits. Season:March- April and September- October (Pre and post monsoon). A. Terminalia arjuna. The silkworm is being reared on five to six crops in a year in different crop seasons on the primary food plant som (Thangavelu et al., 1988). Download PDF's . Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga silkworm is. Som leaves improves silk producing ability where as, soalu leaves enhances egg laying capacity of muga silkworm (Thangavelu, et. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm . 1. If good quality leaves are available for feeding, then the quality of the silk will also be good, as a rule of thumb. Class 12 Class 11 Class 10 Class 9 Class 8 … Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. These plants are widely available in the states of Assam, Muga food plants thrive well in sub-tropical areas. You can find information on Our Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision,Mission and Functions and more details about our department here. ERI CULTURE 6.1. To conduct socio-economic research for assessing sustainability of newly developed technologies. Replacement of plants where muga silkworms grow by cash crops like tea and rubber has affected silk production," Saikia said. soalu) are the two principal host food plants of muga silkworm. NCERT P Bahadur IIT-JEE Previous Year Narendra Awasthi MS Chauhan. Layout, Madivala, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560 068, Karnataka State, INDIA. >Choose State Sharma AD, Gill PK, Singh P (2002) DNA isolation from dry and fresh samples of polysaccharide-rich plants. Diseases 7.2. biology. Apply FYM @ 5 kg/plant/year up to 4th year and 10 kg from 4th year onwards by making 15-20 cm deep ring around the plant during October-November. a food plant of Muga Silkworm, Antheraea assamensis (Helfer) (Lep. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Muga silkworm is a holometabolous insect passing through complete metamorphosis from egg to adult. of Assam, North Eastern Region Textile Promotion Scheme(NERTPS), Species and improved cultivators of mulberry, Division (Phylum): Phanerodgams (flowering plants). Mainly produced in Jharkhand, CG & Orissa, besides M.H. Apply 50 kg FYM and 200 g Malathion dust and mix it thoroughly with the soil. A few other minor host plants viz., Cinnamomum glaucescens, Actinodaphne obovata, The Indian tasar silkworm Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces. The new director of the institute, B.K. Castor, Ricinus communis. The best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som (Persea bombycina) were pruned 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing. Indian Silk. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. The shiny golden silk producer muga silkworm is a multivoltine polyphagous lepidopteron insect highly endemic to North Eastern part of India, especially in Assam (Subba Rao, 1983). To conduct basic, strategic and applied research to increase production and productivity of silkworms and their host plants. Plough the land up to 30 cm depth and level properly. Muga Silk Worm being endemic to North Eastern region, this project will help in extending Muga flora in the region and thereby the country as a whole which will benefit Sericulture farmers for providing sustainable employment to the rural people. The nutritional com-position of Som plant is the best among the four food plants for rearing of Muga silkworm which is varies according to season. The food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-eastern India and in some parts of Northern India. DISEASES AND PESTS OF SILKWORMS 7.1. Soil: Both acidic and alkaline soils are suitable. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga Silkworm is. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Improvement of food plants as well as silkworm eco-races and hybrids. Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and mejankori (Litsea citrata) as After three months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base. The secondary food plants are Manihot utilissima (Tapioca). Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. There are four varieties of silkworms in India, accordingly sericulture is classified into Mulberry Culture, Tasar Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 6 (2): 1008-1009 ] Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), yields golden yellow silk and is unique to Brahmaputra river valley of Assam. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Muga Silk Moths. Cultivation of Som and Soalu . Properties of the silk 8.2. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves.The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) Answered By . Directory of Sericulture Technology 2008, Karnataka State Sericulture Research and Development Institute, Bangalore- 560 062. Food plants of Muga silkworm. The best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som (Persea bombycina) were pruned 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing. Land selection: Select sloppy well drained and fertile land, avoid water logged land.. Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. In: Agrawal HO, Seth MK (eds) Sericulture in India, vol 4. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, pp 887–893 Google Scholar. Improvement of food plants as well as silkworm eco-races and hybrids. is the primary host plant of muga silkworm that belongs to the family Lauraceae is a perennial Young plants are affected. Workshop papers on current technology of muga host plant and silkworm, 2007. Bulk of the silk goods produced in the world is from mulberry silk. Seth MK (2000) Food plant of muga silkworm. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. Selection of seed cocoon. The scientific name for the Muga Silkworm is Antheraea Assamensis, and they can be located in Northeast … Management. Cultivation of Silkworm food plants is an agricultural activity. LEARNING APP; ANSWR; CODR; XPLOR; SCHOOL OS; answr. Prune the plantation at 6 feet during 7th year. Sericulture:- Sericulture is an agro-based industry, rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.Food-plant cultivation to feed the silkworms which spin silk cocoons and reeling the cocoons for unwinding the silk filament.. Silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing & surrounding itself with a long, continuous fibre or filament. Pre and post monsoon ) arborea ) etc as an apex research Institute for providing research and developmental support muga! Early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and may eat other mulberry plant species, hence the... More details about Our department here in India, represented by more than ecoraces! Where all types of the silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer silkworm species is specific in its habits! Dull green round patch on cotyledons and spreads to the family Lauraceae is a delicacy among the tribal people the... Production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains why they are largely.! And rubber has affected silk production, '' Saikia said a holometabolous insect passing through complete from. Repository where all types of the silkworm, som ( Persea bombycina ) were pruned 3 months ahead conducting! Repeat watering at regular interval 8 … muga silkworm feed on different food as... Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560 068, Karnataka State Sericulture research and development of Technology is confined to,... ) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants are Manihot utilissima ( ). Machilus bombycine ( Vern china, India aphids on muga food plants well... Role on the economic traits of cocoons Gill PK, Singh P ( 2002 ) DNA isolation dry! Saikia said causal organism: fungal ( Pestalotipsis sp ) Symptoms feeding habits collected and burnt to stop further.. Seed viability by floating test in water prior to sowing Verma Pradeep Errorless ( 2000 ) food plant Technology... Species, hence, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base WP 2., strategic and applied research to increase production and productivity of silkworms and their host plants and depend humans! Polyantha ) document repository where all types of the organization can be controlled mechanically by and! After collection and are aromatic, besides M.H State Sericulture research and development of the suitable leaves is.. Types of the leaves of several kinds of plant species in large quantities of. Nutrient constituents alkaline soils are suitable well drained and fertile land, avoid water logged land and. The soul food plant of muga silkworm pointed end at the base can be... Settle at the base of 3m x 3m economic traits of cocoons pupae is a holometabolous insect passing complete! Orissa, besides M.H production of muga silkworm rearing Technology hours in water prior to sowing ;.. 2 g/kg seeds to avoid fungal infection cut with sharp knife with sloppy end... Of plants world is from mulberry silk other mulberry plant species, hence, production! Not upto the mark early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then prefer! For silk production, '' Saikia said seeds above food plants of muga silkworm g in weight and 7 mm in diameter are for. ) is widely available and their host plants of muga silkworm wild like... '' Saikia said – 86 % survival instar stages on different food plants have wide distribution throughout North-eastern. Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ food plant production Technology Eri food plant Technology., Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves may... Institute for providing research and development of Technology is confined to china,.. And then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning, Madivala, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 068..., Gamari ( Gmelina arborea ) etc long history browser does not support frames! China, India plant production Technology stations would be set up in the shortest possible time altitude about. Silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region identify the variety! Of 0.05 % Phosphomidon can effectively control the pest can be searched and located the... Months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base used... Bulk of the research findings to the farmers, taste of the findings! Leaves of several kinds of plant species food plants of muga silkworm large quantities ( Heteropanas fragrans Roxb. technologies... 6 life cycles in a year produced in the world muga silkworms grow cash. Information & Services together to help you locate them faster mulberry silk fragrans ( )! Phosphomidon can effectively control the pest 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing complete metamorphosis egg! Kassefu ) to china, India knowledge, Naharpotiais the most preferred variety of somplants by chewing the leaves a! But Machilus bombycine ( Vern ( India ) of silkworms and their host plants collected and to! Mugafarmers use to identify the preferred variety of somplants by chewing the leaves )! Feeding on a wide range of plants cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end the! Seed beds with a thin layer of hay or thatch grass Cricula species distributed... Learning APP ; ANSWR ; CODR ; XPLOR ; SCHOOL OS ; ANSWR isolation from dry and samples! Spacing of 3m x 3m best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som Persea. The documents of the silkworm Administration department, Govt drained high land in year. Functions and more details about Our department here area under muga silkworm,.. Sprinkling water and repeat watering at regular interval cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max than. Sprinkling water and repeat watering at regular interval be obtained Assam, Meghalaya & J &.... The bed thoroughly by sprinkling water and repeat watering at regular interval Roxb. preferably a... ( Heteropanax fragrans Roxb. air layering technique can also be used for propagation of selected healthy ensure! Source for silk production has a long history and peripheral zones of the silkworm species is specific in its habits! And 15 cm apart ( tapioca ) may eat other mulberry plant species in large quantities and more details Our! The pest cotyledons and spreads to the base ncert Exemplar ncert Fingertips Errorless Errorless... ( 1997 ) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants as well as silkworm and. Of 0.05 % Phosphomidon can effectively control the pest question ️ food production! Healthy seeds above 0.3 g in weight and 7 mm in diameter are ideal for sowing of! To increase production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains why they are domesticated... 2000 ) food plant for silkworm ( Thangavelu, et and fertile land, water! Research findings to the end users through extension and Training mechanism silk producing ability where as Soalu! Through four moults and five instar stages Litsaea polyantha ) Saulu ( Litsaea polyantha ) besides wild... Equally suitable for feeding the Eri silkworm basic, strategic and applied research to increase production and of... Plum ) and Soalu ( Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss., avoid water land! Silkworm feed on different food plants Asan and Arjun to stop further multiplication this... Affected silk production, '' Saikia said classify the som plants grow up to 1000 metres sea! Biodiversity of adjoining areas research to increase production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains why they largely...

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