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western sahara capital

Wednesday, December 9th, 2020

Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory on the northwest coast of Africa bordered by Morocco, Mauritania, and Algeria. Best travel and local tourist information. Laayoune is the largest city in Western Sahara with a population of about 217,732 people. The Largest Cities In Western Sahara Laayoune. The city is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the United Nations peacekeeping mission. Laayoune (El Aaiún) is the largest city. Tifariti was originally a temporary nomadic camp situated near an oasis and a seasonal town for the Sahrawi people who have dominated the region since medieval period. [13] In 2010 the country was negotiating a new fishing agreement with Europe over offshore fishing. Today, the city of Tafariti is considered the de facto capital of Western Sahara. It was the capital of Western Sahara from 1940 to 1976 (when Western Sahara was a northwest African overseas province of Spain known as Spanish Sahara); since 1976 it has been the capital of the Laâyoune province of Morocco (not internationally recognized). Laayoune was founded in 1938 by Antonio de Oro, a Spanish explorer. Tifariti has been a place of many battles, especially during the Western Sahara War. Laayoune was designated the capital of Spanish Sahara in 1940 by the Spanish. Its capital is El Aaiún. The seat of government is located in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. A cathedral from that era is still active; its priests serve this city and Dakhla further south. Western Sahara Capital Western Sahara is a disputed territory in Africa, with Morocco claiming ownership and the Polisario Front claiming as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). Western Sahara, formerly known as Spanish Sahara, has been a subject of dispute between the Saharawi people and Morocco. The city is administered by Morocco under the supervision of the … Spanish and French are widely used. Western Sahara is an area in North Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco.Its governance is disputed between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), but the majority of it is occupied by Morocco. The town was bombed severally by Royal Moroccan Air Force in August 1991, just days before the proclamation of the ceasefire, destroying most of the buildings. Western Sahara is a disputed non-self-governing territory in northwest Africa.It is sandwiched between Morocco to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the south and east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Depending on the century, Roman-era sources describe the area as inhabited by Gaetulian Autololes or the Gaetulian Daradae tribes. Western Sahara: Statement of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, H.E. It is a growing economic hub. The seat of government is located in the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf, Algeria. Western Sahara does not have an official national capital. The occupation sparked a guerrilla war between Morocco and Algeria's Polisario Front that ended in 1991 after the United Nations negotiated a ceasefire and deployed a peacekeeping force. What Is The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (Western Sahara). The must see and do in the city. Laayoune became the capital of the Spanish Sahara … Because Western Sahara is a non-self-governing territory, it does not have a capital. Western Sahara has had two capital cities in its history; Tifariti and Laayoune. For example, it had been the … It is the head of the 5th military region of the … El Aaiun is city in northern Western Sahara and capital of Sahwari Arab Democratic Republic that was previously the capital of Spanish Sahara and has a population approaching 200,000. Earlier this month, the United Arab Emirates opened a consulate in the region, joining 16 African countries with representation in Western Sahara. In total, the population of the country reaches 510.7 thousand inhabitants. On the south side is the old lower town, constructed by Spanish colonists. The city is a hub for fishing and for phosphate mining in the region. Where is Western Sahara? The club plays in the Moroccan Premier League, the highest football league in the country. The consulate will be located in Western Sahara’s largest city of Laayoune and will make Jordan just the second Arab state with a diplomatic mission in the Morocco-administered area. miles) 86.8 % of the population is urban (518,663 people in 2020) The median age in Western Sahara is 28.4 years. In 2015 the parents' association, Asociación de Madres, Padres y Tutores de Alumnos del Colegio Español La Paz (AMPA), asked for the establishment of secondary education so their children would not have to go to Las Palmas or Morocco to continue their education.[14]. Over 40% of the residents of Western Sahara live in Laayoune. Western Sahara is an area in North Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania and Morocco.Its governance is disputed between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), but the majority of it is occupied by Morocco. The town was largely abandoned by its population in 1976 because of the war with Morocco. After Spain withdrew from its former colony of Spanish Sahara in 1976, Morocco annexed the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara and claimed the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania's withdrawal. The total land area is 266,000 Km2 (102,703 sq. Laayoune has a population of 217,732[1] and is the largest city in Western Sahara. Since the proclamation of the ceasefire, the government has continuously worked at establishing and improving the infrastructure. The territory is contested by the Kingdom of Morocco and the Polisario Front based in Algeria. A former Spanish colony, it was annexed by Morocco in 1975. Prices for flights and hotels in El Aaiun. A 16-year long dispute over Western Sahara was ended with a UN-peace deal in 1991 with a promise of a referendum on the independence of the territory which is yet to take place. Western Sahara occupies an area of approximately 103,000 square miles and is one of the most sparsely populated regions in the world, with a population of approximately 500,000 people of which 40% reside in the city of Laayoune. On October 30, at the UN Security Council, the US expressed support for the UN-led political process in Western Sahara and urged the conflicting parties to … "Ayun" redirects here. The town was the scene of the Zemla Intifada that occurred on June 17th, 1970 that culminated in a massacre, resulting in the deaths ranging from 2 to 11 people. For other uses, see, "El Aioun" redirects here. There is a Spanish international school, Colegio Español La Paz, owned by the Spanish government. Because of the unfavorable climate and political instability the region, Tifariti is not a preferred destination. Roughly the size of the U.S. state of Colorado, Western Sahara is a region on North Africa's Atlantic coast bordering Morocco, Algeria and Mauritania. The earliest known inhabitants of Western Sahara were the Gaetuli. Some countries around the world do recognize the SADR as an independent nation. Laayoune has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), moderated by the Canary Current with an average annual temperature of 20 °C (68 °F). Western Sahara has had two capital cities in its history; Tifariti and Laayoune. Laayoune was founded in 1938 by Antonio de Oro, a Spanish explorer. The town is divided in two by the dry river of Saguia el-Hamra. Western Sahara ranks number 170 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. The complex situation of the disputed territory of Western Sahara explained. The city is part of what Morocco calls the “Buffer Zone” while Polisario Front refers to it as “Liberated Territory.” As of 2010, the city has a population of 3,000 people, way below the population of Laayoune. Laâyoune (El Aaiún) is the capital of the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra region administered by Morocco under the supervision of the UN peace-keeping mission in Western Sahara (MINURSO). The city is small and easily navigable by foot. [7] In 1940, Spain designated it as the capital of the Spanish Sahara. Laâyoune or El Aaiún (/ˌɛl aɪˈ(j)uːn/ EL eye-(Y)OON, Spanish: [el (a)aˈʝun]; Hassaniya Arabic: لعيون, romanized: Laʕyūn/Elʕyūn; Berber languages: ⵍⵄⵢⵓⵏ, romanized: Leɛyun; Literary Arabic: العيون‎, romanized: al-ʿUyūn, lit. However, it is currently the capital of Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra, one of Morocco's 12 regions. It is a great place to spend a day or two before you venture out to explore other desert towns and villages. [citation needed] The claimed capital of the SADR is former Western Sahara capital El-Aaiún, while the temporary capital moved from Bir Lehlou to Tifariti in 2008. The town has a few administrative buildings and a hospital. Some countries around the world do recognize the SADR as an independent nation. Tifariti is located in the northwestern region of Western Sahara, approximately 9 miles from Mauritania and 86 miles from Smara. Croatia’s Foreign Minister Gordan Grlic Radman stated his country “welcomes” Morocco’s commitment to the 1991 Western Sahara ceasefire. The de facto capital city of Western Sahara is Tafariti. Now, the town is under reconstruction. Bir Lehlou is an oasis town in north-eastern Western Sahara, 236 km from Smara, near the Mauritanian border and east of the border wall, in Polisario Front-held territory. The current status quo allows Morocco access to most of its southern provinces with little conflict. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Recognition of Western Sahara El Aaiún (Laayoune): Western Sahara’s largest city, with a population of roughly 195,000, was founded by the Spanish in 1928 and has been under Moroccan control since 1976. Western Sahara Capital Western Sahara is a disputed territory in Africa, with Morocco claiming ownership and the Polisario Front claiming as the independent Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic with an exiled government seated earlier in Tindouf, Algeria, administered Bir Lehlou as the temporary capital of the SADR, as long as the Sahrawi capital of El-Aaiun is under Moroccan control. Capital: El Aaiún (Laâyoune) Largest city: El Aaiún (Laâyoune) Official languages: see respective claimants: Spoken languages: Berber and Hassaniya Arabic are locally spoken. Travel to El Aaiun, Capital city of Western Sahara. The modern city is thought to have been founded by the Spanish captain Antonio de Oro in 1938. It occupies a 17,000-square-metre (180,000 sq ft) property. 'The Springs') is the largest city of the disputed territory of Western Sahara, with a population of 217,732 in 2014, and de facto administered by Morocco. The population density in Western Sahara is 2 per Km 2 (6 people per mi 2). The international country code of Western Sahara is EH or ESH. On 18 December 2019, Comoros became the first nation to open a consulate in Laayoune in support of Moroccan claims to Western Sahara. Western Sahara is a sparsely-populated area of mostly desert situated on the northwest coast of Africa. Most of the buildings constructed between 1989 and 1991 through foreign aid in preparation for a referendum and return of Sahrawi refugees were destroyed by the Royal Moroccan Air Force in 1991. Due to an ongoing conflict over the territory, the majority is controlled by Morocco, and the eastern and southern portions are controlled by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR). The old Spanish Cathedral of Saint Francis of Assisi, chiefly serves European UN personnel. Laayoune (El Aaiún) is the largest city. Against the backdrop of the ongoing military confrontation between the armed forces of Morocco and the POLISARIO Liberation Front of the Western Sahara, the … Due to an … Western Sahara: a Country or Part of Morocco? Jeunesse Massira uses Stade Sheikh Mohamed Laghdaf for training and games. It was used as a military camp by both sides at different points of the war. Western Sahara (native name: الصحراء الغربية) is a country located in Northern Africa. The Government of Western Sahara operates not from its own capital city, L’ayoun, but from a small patch of desert over the border in Algeria. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic (SADR), also known as the Saharan Arab Democratic Republic or Western Sahara, is a self-declared state that claims authority over the disputed territory of Western Sahara which is concurrently claimed and occupied by Morocco. The Spanish later settled in the area and used it as a military camp. As an independent nation, the capital of this region is Tifariti. 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