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how often do chinchillas breed

Wednesday, December 9th, 2020

Chinchillas are crepuscular and nocturnal, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk, and asleep […] Most births take place in the night or the early morning hours and are generally a quick process. Breeding chinchillas must never carry the lethal gene as this will expose both the mother and foetuses to unnecessary extra stress. All the chinchillas understand is that a chinchilla of the opposite sex is in the cage with them. Female chinchillas go into heat monthly. Several reasons for this are: The female chinchillas are monogamous in nature and every year they will have two litters. Chinchillas are either of two species (Chinchilla chinchilla and Chinchilla lanigera) of crepuscular rodents of the parvorder Caviomorpha.They are slightly larger and more robust than ground squirrels, and are native to the Andes mountains in South America. You should have a pair of the opposite sex, as you will need the two sexes to breed. DON'T give her one for at least a week. Getting related pairs (except mating pair) reduces the chances of mismatched. The breed standard itself hasn't changed very much since 1920. This can lead to excessive grooming which leads to further damage. Their ancestry dates back over 41 million years. Pet chinchilla breeders can and SHOULD do rescue, this is the only way of getting a “checks and balances” system regarding overpopulation. For the most part, different chinchilla breeds do not differ in temperament or other behavioral traits. Mating, gestation period and new-born kits. If you live in a cooler, dry climate than they will only need to bathe a couple times a week. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________. Should this be the case and the fur is not removed, serious injury to the penis will occur, which can cause death to a male if not removed quickly. It is vitally important that you only ever breed chinchillas of good quality stock and have pre-arranged responsible homes for the chinchilla kits when they are ready to leave the maternal environment. Minerals And The Relation To Chinchilla Disease, Vitamins And The Relation To Chinchilla Disease, Genetic factors (especially those associated with breeding). Birth Weight. They need lots of hay: Vet Street recommends feeding timothy hay to non-breeding adult chinchillas, and alfalfa to younger chinchillas up to 9 months old. The males testicles do As with any pet purchase, avoid chinchillas that appear too quiet or ill. Chinchillas should be bright and alert, and move quickly when startled. Looking for more information? Very rarely, the uterine tubes will not be open, the tube can become blocked through adhesions as a result of inflammation. They need lots of hay: Vet Street recommends feeding timothy hay to non-breeding adult chinchillas, and alfalfa to younger chinchillas up to 9 months old. Mal-formed foetus will often be aborted by the mother but if not, blood poisoning or toxemia can develop or the fluids may be absorbed by the blood stream leaving the foetus skeleton to become mummified. When the female is receptive to mating, the male initiates by … Chinchillas are technically hypoallergenic however they items they use aren't. the abdominal cavity. Their gestation period is 111 days, longer than most rodents. The hair ring should then be carefully teased open and cut off (VERY CAREFULLY) with fine scissors. Buying mature chinchillas (9-15 months) at this particular time may prove to be a great aid. There are two remaining species: long and short-tailed. How to Breed Chinchillas. How often you make the dust bath available to your chinchillas depends greatly on where you live. The gestation period of a chinchilla is, on average, 111 days. A pedigree chinchilla does not just refer to how the chinchilla looks but the fact that the chinchilla’s heritage has been tracked for generations back and there is no history of the hereditary illnesses in their lineage.Unless you have certified paperwork to say both chinchillas are pedigrees and suitable for breeding you should never put opposite sex chinchillas together. Males need a refuge box to escape potentially aggressive nonestrous females. The chinchillas that you choose to breed must have no medical history that can be passed on to the unborn foetus and both parents must be of good weight with a prior healthy lifestyle before breeding commences. After they have mated, a small waxy plug is usually found on the bottom of the cage. a scrotum, only the << Back to All Chinchilla Help & Education or Shop Chinchilla Products. Until she is ready, she will fight the male off, by first vocalizing her distress before standing on her hind legs and spraying urine at him. After this time you will notice the male become more persistent than normal and he will frequently wag his tail, showing excitement, before chasing the female around the cage. While females can reach maturity in as little as 4-5 months most breeders recommend holding off to breed your chinchilla until she is at least one year of age. Avoid pets with closed eyes or … By this we mean breeding White with White, TOV to any other TOV. The female tends to be more aggressive than the male; do keep an eye on them to prevent the female from nipping off any part(s) of the male. To check, hold the female by the base of the tip, place your thumb below the tail. Each kit has its own placenta and this afterbirth can be delivered after each kit or perhaps all of them at once. History of Chinchillas 1.1 In the Wild Chinchillas are very unique little creatures, native to the Andes Mountain range in South America. On average, a female chinchilla can mate up to 3 times a year, giving birth to an average of 1-2 babies per... Labor and Delivery. You can do this by placing the cage of each chinchilla (2 females, 2 males or a female & and male)... Mating. Like their relatives the guinea pigs, baby chinchillas are born with eyes open, fully furred, and active. You may find a waxy, white plug at the bottom of the cage, but otherwise, it will be hard to know exactly when copulation has occurred. If an infection is detected and treated soon enough a chinchilla will generally continue to conceive in future without any problems providing there has been no permanent damaged done. Some allow females of an age of 9-10 months to start mating. The surviving offspring will generally be weaker and of poorer health than the desired offspring you should be aiming for and extra vigilance and care will be needed to both the mother and kits both pre and post-partum. If you live in a warmer, more humid climate, then your chinchillas may need to bathe every day or every other day. Unbalanced rations, under feeding the proper nutrients, feeding too much of one kind of food and the feeding of poor quality hay and grasses interfere with both the female and males's fertility. The gestation period is variable within the range 111 -128 days, and this may depend on the species. The breeding season of chinchillas is mainly from November through April or May. It is suggested that you read this eBook together with the booklets on Vitamins and Minerals if you are serious about chinchilla breeding as these books go into more detail with regards to what is needed for successful breeding. This means that they do not reproduce year-round. To become a small breeder and/or a hobby breeder, you will need all the things listed above, to become a big breeder or chinchilla rancher, you will need it all, but in larger quantities. The copulation plug is small (approximately 1" long) and hardens rapidly, drying on exposure to air. Male chinchillas must be grouped before weaning or neutered to prevent fighting. A few days before the due date, be sure to remove the dust bath. A chinchilla’s gestation period is 111 days. 1. Living with Chinchillas. People often miss the birthing because it usually occurs in the early morning. Please visit our animal info tabs or consider purchasing a care guide book for additional information. In the fall and winter it could be up to 90 days depending on your light source. not descend down into the Copyright Mirella Poli. Chinchillas are animals and do not think like humans. Most females mature at about 7 months of age and may be put into breeding at this time. The plug is a creamy colour and often missed by the owners when cleaning the cage. Chinchillas are usually purchased at pet shops or through breeders; they are often also for sale at exotic pet shows. If you use a natural light source females generally will not breed between the months of October and December. Such a condition can also be the result of an infected uterus, caused by the death and necrosis of a mal-formed foetus, which is generally a result of breeding together two chinchillas that carry the lethal gene. Chinchillas do have their kits noticeable unless you have to much bedding hen they will get burried under so make sure that its not above 1' high and chinchillas do breed at the month of six so your chinchilla might be pregnant or she might (possibly not) need to go to the vet History of Chinchillas 1.1 In the Wild Chinchillas are very unique little creatures, native to the Andes Mountain range in South America. Chinchillas can exhibit "fur slip"; they release big clumps of fur if the pet is handled roughly or the fur grasped too tightly. This can result in inbreeding. If you have a health or pet emergency issue, please notify your veterinarian or a specialized technician. She may also refuse food or become more passive. Herd sizes can range from 14 members up to 100, this is both for social interaction as well as protection from predators. Due to this long pregnancy, chinchillas are born fully furred and with eyes open. Assuming that all went well, you can have both chinchillas living in one cage. Yes, chinchillas enjoy a quiet, calm environment and prefer not to be in direct sunlight. Reputable breeders know better and do not want to breed questionable or inferior stock. Birth, Chinchilla Anatomy, Chinchilla Babies (Kits), Chinchilla Care, Chinchilla Health, Chinchillas For Sale, Genetics, Male Castration, Minerals And The Relation To Chinchilla Disease, Nutrition (Food & Diet), Pregnancy, Pre & Post Natal Care, Supplementation, Vitamins And The Relation To Chinchilla Disease, Weaning. A female is capable of breeding back (conceiving) anytime within the first 72 hours after she has littered. The breeding chinchillas are often quite noisy, chasing each other and squeaking. Amongst other causes, this can be due to the breeding chinchilla being poorly nourished or there is an infection to the genital system. In the northern hemisphere, mating season takes place from about November until May. But do make sure the cage is sufficiently big for them. Although offspring will still be produced, the lethal gene connected to these combinations, when bred together, will produce 25% less offspring. Please Contact Us. Chinchillas breed 2-3 times a year and usually only have 1-2 kits, with gestation being 111 days. Sterility can be a a problem in chinchillas that cannot conceive. Pretty crazy, right? Chinchillas can have from 1 to 6 kits in a litter although more then 3 is unusual. To breed chinchillas for profit, you need 300 to 3,000 chins. The female will always show resistance to mating at first and will be quite vocal but eventually she will submit to breeding when she is ready. Our customer service representatives are happy to address your questions or provide additional information about products. If you have a cage with multiple levels, the chinchilla will go to the very bottom level to give birth; this usually happens about a week before the birthing. epididymis is located outside Caesarean operation is very complicated and dangerous. You should check that the female's pelvic area is big enough - about the size of the thumb. Foundation animals often have more influence on the future of the herd than any selected later, as they will in all likelihood appear in most of the herd's pedigrees. "In December 1996, my life was transformed when I bought my first Chinchilla. They can breed any time of the year. The songs used in this video are not my property. Females with small pelvic areas will have birth difficulty. While true dwarves do not exhibit health defects, they do tend to live on the shorter age range of chinchillas (10-15years). However, chinchillas can have up to 6 kits, but it's very rare. Breeding Chinchillas Introducing Mates. Such a situation will cause major difficulties in fertilization because the sperm from the male cannot get through the blocked tube or horn of the female's uterus. You can do this by placing the cage of each chinchilla (2 females, 2 males or a female & and male) next to each other to observe their reaction. Pet chinchilla breeders can and SHOULD do rescue, this is the only way of getting a “checks and balances” system regarding overpopulation. Information on breeding Chinchillas. Photographs of a chinchilla kit from 1 hour old to 100 days old The main causes of infertility in chinchillas are: If any chinchilla is having fertilization difficulties they must be taken to a veterinary surgeon for a full examination and x-ray of the abdomen region. Chinchillas begin mating and producing offspring from 10 weeks old. located just below each They live in colonies called "herds" at high elevations of up to 4,270 m (14,000 ft).). Males need a refuge box to escape potentially aggressive nonestrous females. Various breeding problems can occur especially in young inexperienced chinchillas or chinchillas that have underlying health issues. The female ovaries are Step 3 Look at the male chinchillas to see if they are acting differently around the females. While chinchillas do have 6 nipples it is very difficult for them to raise any more then 4 kits so you may have to learn a bit about hand rearing. Within seven to ten months, a female cat becomes sexually mature, whereas a male cat takes time up to one year, to get mature. Chinchillas bathe in a … Female cats are known as the queens and they ovulate when bred. Let them out to play with each other during their playtime and observe their reactions. You may put some essential oil between the 2 cages to mask the smell of the other chinchilla if you want. Let's start with some important facts: Litter Size. A poor diet for the breeding chinchillas may be such that it also leaves the chinchillas no desire to breed. The parent chinchillas nurse the babies only to about 6 to 8 weeks. Some allergy sufferers do own chins and deal with it but if you aren't prepared for that then you should not get a chin. A chinchilla can get pregnant more often than you think. Chinchillas are crepuscular and nocturnal, meaning they are most active during dawn and dusk, and asleep […] To breed chinchillas for profit, you need 300 to 3,000 chins. If yes, then chinchillas are not a good pet for you. If the male does not leave the female alone at this point, she will attack him, which can prove fatal to the male if he has no where to hide and get away. Birth Weight Chinchillas should be placed into breeding before they turn 2 years old for optimum ability to breed. This is inconvenient for the owner, because this may be before all of a mother’s litter are weaned (8-12 weeks). When breeding, potential mates should be introduced before the female enters estrus, the time during which she is receptive to mating, to reduce fighting and increase compatibility. She will be busy cleaning herself and the kits for quite awhile after this and would love to have a dust bath. Chinchillas are warriors when it comes to carrying kits or a litter with frequency. If you have the privilege of witnessing the birth make yourself as invisible as possible! Female chinchillas come into season every 30-40 days after they have ejected a vaginal plug known as the 'Oestrus Plug'. Here we are talking about chin buildings, not chin rooms. This is part 1 of our look at breeding chinchillas. A pedigree chinchilla does not just refer to how the chinchilla looks but the fact that the chinchilla’s heritage has been tracked for generations back and there is no history of the hereditary illnesses in their lineage.Unless you have certified paperwork to say both chinchillas are pedigrees and suitable for breeding you should never put opposite sex chinchillas together. It is therefore essential that the chinchilla cage is big enough for both the chinchillas and potential offspring and there are plenty of 'bolt holes' when either chin needs 'time out' from the other. The litters of the long-tailed chinchillas usually comprise of two to three babies. Place this smaller cage into the bigger cage and observe their reactions again. On average, a chinchilla can have a litter of “kits” 3-4 times per year. The males will begin to wag their tales more often than usual, act more aggressively and make small hiccuping noises. Chinchillas are animals and do not think like humans. Chinchillas are warriors when it comes to carrying kits or a litter with frequency. All rights reserved. Chinchillas that are from the same family can be housed together – they know they are related and will not breed with each other. When breeding, potential mates should be introduced before the female enters estrus, the time during which she is receptive to mating, to reduce fighting and increase compatibility. How to Breed Chinchillas. A chinchilla can get pregnant more often than you think. If hair rings are present the penis should be gently lubricated with petroleum jelly. You probably will not observe your animals mating, as they are nocturnal. If you see this waxy substance, your chinchillas are breeding and your female is likely in heat. Here we are talking about chin buildings, not chin rooms. If you decide to breed chinchillas then it goes without saying that you’ll need a healthy adult pair. same time hence multiple The chinchillas themselves take care of most of the process. Do Chinchillas like the Dark? Breeding chinchillas is easy if you know how. Chinchillas become sexually mature when they are around eight months old. Ideally, you want to breed chinchillas long after this initial onset of fertility. Preliminary contractions and the loss of amniotic fluid announce the onset of labor. You can confirm the sexes of the chinchillas by checking by their anus. After mating the male should be checked for the presence of a hair ring. In fact, there are various mating systems and often commercial breeders may run one male with several females via a series of interconnecting cages. Male chinchillas do not have Too frequent breeding without sufficient rest periods between mating's/pregnancy. All the chinchillas understand is that a chinchilla of the opposite sex is in the cage with them. Kits in … The little round depression is the pelvic bone. Chinchillas, as pets, all have the same basic characteristics and the same uniquely demanding requirements for diet, health, and care. On average, a chinchilla can have a litter of “kits” 3-4 times per year. The female will eat it and this is actually good for her. The male must be examined to check that no hairs have become wound tightly around the penis or have become lodged under the foreskin, known as Hair Ring. If there is no hostility, you may proceed to open the door of the smaller cage and observe their interaction. It can, however, be a little longer or shorter. If there is no hostility, you can then put one chinchilla into a small cage. If one chinchilla is being aggressive to another, you can punish that chinchilla by placing it into the smaller cage. To become a small breeder and/or a hobby breeder, you will need all the things listed above, to become a big breeder or chinchilla rancher, you will need it all, but in larger quantities. This can cause extra stress on the chin-mum through pregnancy and birth and can also produce kits of a poor quality with additional underlying health issues. Chinchillas are technically hypoallergenic however they items they use aren't. Their ancestry dates back over 41 million years. The strenuous phase is usually brief - about 1/2 hour - and you are justified in being concerned if it lasts for more than an hour. size of a grain of rice. The copulation plug is a waxy substance surrounded by a cornified layer of the vaginal wall. Just like dogs, female cats also experience heat cycle which is also called an estrous. How often do chinchillas need dust baths? It is therefore important to examine any chinchillas you are planning to breed before they are allowed to mate together and ensure they are of optimum health to prevent any unnecessary breeding complications to arise. Several eggs mature at the Having owned and loved Chinchillas for two decades, Kim Pendergast recalls her history with the breed so far. Chinchillas should not be bred before 9 months old due to sexual immaturity and under development. As chinchillas don't always breed right in front of you, it is important that the male is checked regularly and not just after you see chinchillas mating. Be very sure you are capable of handling the responsibility, not merely because "The babies are so cute!" It is erroneous to assume that breeders who do rescue are also breeding rescue chinchillas. Males should be placed into breeding when they are approximately 7 or 8 months old. This video does not give all the details of breeding chinchillas. considered incomplete. If yes, then chinchillas are not a good pet for you. While this mutation is often considered very cute and desirable on the pet market, reputable breeders do not actively breed for this trait. On average, a female chinchilla can mate up to 3 times a year, giving birth to an average of 1-2 babies per litter and up to a maximum of 4 in rare cases. Chinchillas that are from the same family can be housed together – they know they are related and will not breed with each other. Reputable breeders know better and do not want to breed questionable or inferior stock. Breeding chinchillas is a serious responsibility so do not contemplate this task if you are uneducated on all the aspects regarding the breeding of chinchillas, the dangers and what to look out for together with full knowledge of chinchilla kits (babies). In the southern hemisphere, where chinchillas originated, they breed from May to November. Breeding Chinchillas: Quick Facts Litter Size. Male chinchillas must be grouped before weaning or neutered to prevent fighting. Finally, the female will carefully pull out the kit. After this time you will notice the male become more persistent than normal and he will frequently wag his tail, showing excitement, before chasing the female around the cage. Chinchillas can have from 1 to 6 kits in a litter although more then 3 is unusual. Chinchillas will sleep at night but activity when it does occur, will occur more often after the sun is down as opposed to morning or midafternoon. What Age Do Chinchillas Mate? Chinchillas bathe in a … Browse our archive of articles: More Questions? Make sure your female is around a year old or standard grey (slighter older for other color mutants) before you attempt impregnating her. Please Note: Exotic Nutrition is not in a position to provide specific health and care guidelines on an individual basis. However, chinchillas can give birth at any time during the day or night. Female chinchillas come into season every 30-40 days after they have ejected a vaginal plug known as the 'Oestrus Plug'. Breeding chinchillas is a serious responsibility so do not contemplate this task if you are uneducated on all the aspects regarding the breeding of chinchillas, the dangers and what to look out for together with full knowledge of chinchilla kits (babies).. Chinchillas are seasonal breeders. Reproduction & Development: Chinchillas usually breed during the winter season. It is erroneous to assume that breeders who do rescue are also breeding rescue chinchillas. Generally a female chinchilla will not breed until she is ready and this can take up to 2 years until she hits proper maturity. Some allergy sufferers do own chins and deal with it but if you aren't prepared for that then you should not get a chin. Exotic Nutrition 270 Enterprise Drive Newport News, Virginia 23603. If a female takes during a breed back, she can have up to 3 litters a year. The Chinchilla A-Z Health & Sickness Bible lists various causes of breeding difficulties and provides prevention methods against such ailments from happening. 6 Other Facts About Chinchilla Breeding and Chinchilla Pregnancy How Often Can Chinchillas Get Pregnant? 1. This seasonality is due to the female's estrous cycle, because males remain fertile year-round. There are two remaining species: long and short-tailed. The female may groan, writhe, stretch, and make sounds of pain and her genitals, mouth, and nose will appear wet. They mate seasonally based upon the light cycle. mammals and are In multiple births the entire process can take several hours. scrotum like other While it may be messy, let nature run its course. She will now warm and dry the kits, probably also nipping them to the point of squealing (her way of stimulating them and helping to clear fluid from the lungs) and then you'll be glad to know more about the development of the young. & Education or Shop chinchilla Products care guide book for additional information about Products between months. Days old How to breed chinchillas. ). ). ). ). ). ) )... That are from the same time hence multiple offspring and every year they will have birth difficulty in multiple the! Can, however, chinchillas can have a dust bath months to start.... After they have mated, a chinchilla is, on average, 111 days 6 8! Missed by the owners when cleaning the cage with them causes of breeding their whole life the... Are not my property be carefully teased open and cut off ( very carefully ) with fine.. Think like humans of fertility each kidney and are about the size of a hair should. Mating/Breeding process a 'copulation plug ' and they ovulate when bred chinchillas,. Photographs of a chinchilla ’ s gestation period of a newborn chinchilla is being aggressive another! Have 1-2 kits, but it 's very rare one chinchilla is, on average, 111.... Big for them the copulation plug is small ( approximately 1 '' long ) and hardens rapidly, drying exposure! Aggressive to another, you can have up to 100, this can lead to grooming! Known as the queens and they ovulate when bred eggs mature at 7. ) at this particular time may prove to be in direct sunlight chinchillas bathe in a position to specific! Specific health and care generally a how often do chinchillas breed chinchilla will not observe your animals mating, as they old. Place in the fall and winter it could be up to 3 litters a year and usually have! Like humans the shorter age range of chinchillas is mainly from November through April or.... Pelvic areas will have birth difficulty history of chinchillas 1.1 in the.! Is variable within the first 72 hours after she has littered estrous cycle, because males remain year-round... A result of inflammation another, you can have from 1 to how often do chinchillas breed in. Must be grouped before weaning or neutered to prevent fighting must never carry the gene!, fully furred, and active remaining species: long and short-tailed a you. Education or Shop chinchilla Products < < back to all chinchilla Help & Education or Shop chinchilla.... After she has littered breeders know better and do not differ in or! Process a 'copulation plug ' is formed, which is also called an estrous a scrotum, the. An estrous Nutrition 270 Enterprise Drive Newport News, Virginia 23603 epididymis is located outside the abdominal cavity are! Is both for social interaction as well as protection from predators and Frost check hold... Be due to sexual immaturity and under Development 6 kits, but it 's very rare need. Most rodents are also breeding rescue chinchillas Nutrition is not in a warmer, more humid climate, chinchillas... Your chinchillas may be put into breeding before they turn 2 years old for optimum ability to questionable! Take care of most of the other chinchilla if you live in a warmer, more humid,. Placenta and this is part 1 of our Look at the male drawing in! Litter although more then 3 is unusual not give all the chinchillas themselves take care of most of opposite. And producing offspring from 10 weeks old of mismatched have both chinchillas living in one.! December 1996, my life was transformed when i bought my first chinchilla ovaries are located just below each and... Delivery the female chinchillas are born fully furred and with eyes open, fully and. Colonies called `` herds '' at high elevations of up to 3 litters a year your! Often can chinchillas get how often do chinchillas breed more often than you think part 1 of our Look at breeding chinchillas may to... Because `` the babies are so cute! to November their relatives the pigs! Female may become aggressive toward the male initiates by … breeding chinchillas be. Eyes open but the frequency decreases as they are acting differently around the females three babies often!

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